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James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale

(1759-1839), Scottish politician and author of 'Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of Public Wealth'

Sitter associated with 35 portraits
Entered the House of Commons as an MP in 1780. He supported Charles Fox, then in opposition. In 1790, he was elected as a Scottish representative peer and was raised to the House of Lords, where he was an opponent of the policy of Pitt and the government with regard to France. In 1806, he was created Baron Lauderdale of Thirlestane. At this time, as a member of the Privy Council, he tried unsuccessfully to negotiate a peace treaty with France. He wrote Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of Public Wealth (1804), in which he put forward arguments similar to those of Adam Smith. Lauderdale was the great-grandfather of Arthur Balfour, prime minister of Great Britain.

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James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale, after Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 928

James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale

after Thomas Gainsborough
oil on panel, feigned oval, (circa 1785)
NPG 928

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820, by Sir George Hayter - NPG 999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

'Brissot's visit to his friend Lord Leveller', by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D9547

'Brissot's visit to his friend Lord Leveller'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching, published 17 March 1794
NPG D9547

James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale ('Brissot'), by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D9826

James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale ('Brissot')

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
soft-ground etching, published 12 May 1794
NPG D9826

'The eruption of the mountain, - or - the horrors of the 'Bocca del Inferno', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12490

'The eruption of the mountain, - or - the horrors of the 'Bocca del Inferno'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 25 July 1794
NPG D12490

'Fools eloquence', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12505

'Fools eloquence'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 January 1795
NPG D12505

'Patriotic regeneration, - viz. - Parliament reform'd, a la françois, - that is - honest men (ie - Opposition) in the seat of justice', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12519

'Patriotic regeneration, - viz. - Parliament reform'd, a la françois, - that is - honest men (ie - Opposition) in the seat of justice'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 2 March 1795
NPG D12519

'The Republican attack', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12543

'The Republican attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 November 1795
NPG D12543

'Light expelling darkness, - evaporation of stygian exhalations, - or - the sun of the constitution, rising superior to the clouds of opposition', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13083

'Light expelling darkness, - evaporation of stygian exhalations, - or - the sun of the constitution, rising superior to the clouds of opposition'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, soft-ground etching and engraving, published 30 April 1795
NPG D13083

'Promis'd horrors of the French invasion, - or - forcible reasons for negotiating a regicide peace', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12579

'Promis'd horrors of the French invasion, - or - forcible reasons for negotiating a regicide peace'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 October 1796
NPG D12579

'The generae of patriotism, - or - the Bloomsbury farmer, planting Bedfordshire wheat', probably by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12407

'The generae of patriotism, - or - the Bloomsbury farmer, planting Bedfordshire wheat'

probably by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 3 February 1796
NPG D12407

'The tree of liberty must be planted immediately!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12598

'The tree of liberty must be planted immediately!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 February 1797
NPG D12598

'The delegates in council or beggars on horseback', by Isaac Cruikshank, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D15627

'The delegates in council or beggars on horseback'

by Isaac Cruikshank, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1797
NPG D15627

'Les membres du Conseil des Cinq Cents', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12637

'Les membres du Conseil des Cinq Cents'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 April 1798
NPG D12637

'Shrine at St Ann's Hill', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12650

'Shrine at St Ann's Hill'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured aquatint, published 26 May 1798
NPG D12650

'Exhibition of a democratic-transparency, - with its effect upon patriotic feelings', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13096

'Exhibition of a democratic-transparency, - with its effect upon patriotic feelings'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 15 April 1799
NPG D13096

'The brewer and the thistle', by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12264

'The brewer and the thistle'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 26 June 1805
NPG D12264

' - "More pigs than teats", - or - the new litter of hungry grunters, sucking John-Bull's-old-sow to death', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12861

' - "More pigs than teats", - or - the new litter of hungry grunters, sucking John-Bull's-old-sow to death'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 5 March 1806
NPG D12861

'Bruin in his boat, - or - the manager in distress', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12869

'Bruin in his boat, - or - the manager in distress'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 June 1806
NPG D12869

'Sketch for a monument of disappointed-justice', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12870

'Sketch for a monument of disappointed-justice'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 July 1806
NPG D12870

'Westminster conscripts under the training act', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12872

'Westminster conscripts under the training act'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 September 1806
NPG D12872

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12884

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 9 January 1807
NPG D12884

'John Bull and the sinking-fund - a pretty scheme for reducing the taxes & paying-off the national debt!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12885

'John Bull and the sinking-fund - a pretty scheme for reducing the taxes & paying-off the national debt!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 23 February 1807
NPG D12885

'A kick at the Broad-Bottoms! - i.e. - emancipation of "All the Talents &c"', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12887

'A kick at the Broad-Bottoms! - i.e. - emancipation of "All the Talents &c"'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 March 1807
NPG D12887

'The pigs possessed: - or - the Broad Bottom'd litter running headlong into ye sea of perdition', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12888

'The pigs possessed: - or - the Broad Bottom'd litter running headlong into ye sea of perdition'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 April 1807
NPG D12888

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12895

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 16 July 1807
NPG D12895

'The funeral procession of Broad-bottom', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13114

'The funeral procession of Broad-bottom'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 April 1807
NPG D13114

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

'Phaeton alarm'd!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13115

'Phaeton alarm'd!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 22 March 1808
NPG D13115

'Disciples catching the mantle: - the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13116

'Disciples catching the mantle: - the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 25 June 1808
NPG D13116

Web image not currently available

James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale ('Brissot')

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
soft-ground etching, published 12 May 1794
NPG D15060

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