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James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale (1759-1839), Scottish politician; author of 'Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of Public Wealth'

Sitter associated with 35 portraits
Entered the House of Commons as an MP in 1780. He supported Charles Fox, then in opposition. In 1790, he was elected as a Scottish representative peer and was raised to the House of Lords, where he was an opponent of the policy of Pitt and the government with regard to France. In 1806, he was created Baron Lauderdale of Thirlestane. At this time, as a member of the Privy Council, he tried unsuccessfully to negotiate a peace treaty with France. He wrote Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of Public Wealth (1804), in which he put forward arguments similar to those of Adam Smith. Lauderdale was the great-grandfather of Arthur Balfour, prime minister of Great Britain.

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D12869

'Bruin in his boat, - or - the manager in distress'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 June 1806
NPG D12869

D12870

'Sketch for a monument of disappointed-justice'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 July 1806
NPG D12870

D12872

'Westminster conscripts under the training act'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 September 1806
NPG D12872

D12884

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 9 January 1807
NPG D12884

D12885

'John Bull and the sinking-fund - a pretty scheme for reducing the taxes & paying-off the national debt!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 23 February 1807
NPG D12885

D12887

'A kick at the Broad-Bottoms! - i.e. - emancipation of "All the Talents &c"'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 March 1807
NPG D12887

D12888

'The pigs possessed: - or - the Broad Bottom'd litter running headlong into ye sea of perdition'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 April 1807
NPG D12888

D12895

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 16 July 1807
NPG D12895

D13114

'The funeral procession of Broad-bottom'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 April 1807
NPG D13114

D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

D13115

'Phaeton alarm'd!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 22 March 1808
NPG D13115

D13116

'Disciples catching the mantle: - the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 25 June 1808
NPG D13116

D15060

James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale ('Brissot')

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
soft-ground etching, published 12 May 1794
NPG D15060