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Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh) (1769-1822), Statesman

Sitter associated with 41 portraits
Known by his courtesy title 'Lord Castlereagh', Stewart entered Parliament in 1795. He made his mark under Pitt as Chief Secretary for Ireland (1798-1801), crushing the 1798 Rebellion and overseeing the Act of Union (1801), which integrated Ireland and England and abolished the Irish Parliament. Whist Foreign Secretary (1812-22) he was responsible for uniting the powers that overthrew Napoleon, and became the chief architect of the Treaty of Vienna, (1815) playing a key role in redrawing the boundaries of Europe, and promoting diplomacy by conference, whilst maintaining British prestige as a world power. Sensitive and melancholy, Castlereagh had a mental breakdown and committed suicide whilst in office in 1822.

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891

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, 1809-1810
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 891

999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

687

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
marble bust, 1822
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 687

D13113

'Posting to the election, - a scene on the road to Brentford, Novr 1806'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 December 1806
NPG D13113

D12884

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 9 January 1807
NPG D12884

D12885

'John Bull and the sinking-fund - a pretty scheme for reducing the taxes & paying-off the national debt!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 23 February 1807
NPG D12885

D12895

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 16 July 1807
NPG D12895

D12896

'British tars, towing the Danish fleet into harbour'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 October 1807
NPG D12896

D12905

'Delicious dreams! - Castles in the air! - Glorious prospects!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 April 1808
NPG D12905

D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

D13115

'Phaeton alarm'd!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 22 March 1808
NPG D13115

D13116

'Disciples catching the mantle: - the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 25 June 1808
NPG D13116

D12917

'Pandora opening her box'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 22 February 1809
NPG D12917

D12921

'Overthrow of the Republican-Babel'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 May 1809
NPG D12921

D12922

'An old English-gentleman pester'd by servants wanting places'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1809
NPG D12922

D37412

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by and published by Charles Turner, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
mezzotint, published 20 September 1814 (1809-1810)
NPG D37412

D37414

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by Georg Siegmund Facius, published by Rudolph Ackermann, after Joseph Nollekens
stipple engraving, published 17 December 1814
NPG D37414

D5103

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by Henry Meyer, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
stipple engraving, published 1814
NPG D5103

D5104

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by Henry Meyer, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
stipple engraving, published 1814
NPG D5104

D15857

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by Henry Meyer, published by T. Cadell & W. Davies, after William Evans, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
stipple engraving, published 21 April 1814
NPG D15857

D16053

'Marriage of the Princess Charlotte of Wales to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Cobourg'

by Robert Hicks, published by Nuttall, Fisher & Dixon, after William Marshall Craig
stipple and line engraving, published April 1818
NPG D16053

D36701

A May Day Garland for 1820

published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published May 1820
NPG D36701

D17928

The Time Piece! & Cunning Jack o' both sides

possibly by (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published June 1820
NPG D17928

D13339

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by and published by Richard Dighton
hand-coloured etching, published 21 July 1821
NPG D13339

D13516

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by and published by Richard Dighton
etching, published 21 July 1821
NPG D13516

D13517

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by and published by Richard Dighton, reissued by Thomas McLean
hand-coloured etching, published 21 July 1821
NPG D13517

D17902

The Royal Extinguisher, or the King of Brobdingnag & the Lilliputians

by George Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 7 April 1821
NPG D17902

D37410

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by and published by John Cochran
stipple engraving, published 27 August 1822
NPG D37410

D37413

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by Charles Turner, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
mezzotint, published 1822
NPG D37413

D20569

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by or after Richard Dighton
coloured etching, 1822 or after
NPG D20569

D37411

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by William Bond, by William Bennett, after James Stephanoff
hand-coloured aquatint, published 1824
NPG D37411

D3608

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by John Richardson Jackson, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
mezzotint, published 1843
NPG D3608

D16094

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by John Richardson Jackson, published by Graves & Warmsley, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
mezzotint, published 1843
NPG D16094

D12084

Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh)

by William Daniell, after George Dance
soft-ground etching, published 1854 (1794)
NPG D12084