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Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (Lord Castlereagh) (1769-1822), Statesman

Sitter associated with 41 portraits
Usually known by his courtesy title 'Lord Castlereagh', Stewart entered Parliament in 1795. He first made his mark under Pitt as Chief Secretary for Ireland (1798-1801) when he crushed the Irish uprising and oversaw the Act of Union (1801). While Foreign Secretary (1812-22) he was responsible for uniting the powers that overthrew Napoleonand became the chief architect of the Treaty of Vienna, 1815. He played a key role in redrawing the boundaries of Europe and promoting diplomacy by conference whilst maintaining British prestige as a world power. Sensitive and melacholy, he committed suicide while in office.