Search the Collection

Catharine Macaulay (née Sawbridge) (1731-1791), Historian and political polemicist

Sitter in 17 portraits
The political writer and historian Catharine Macaulay was one of the leading political activists of the age. Her eight-volume History of England (1763-1783), which promoted a radical agenda, was widely admired by all critics whatever their politics, including Horace Walpole and Pitt the Elder. Published at the time that England's American colonies began to struggle for independence, Both Macaulay and her History became rallying points for supporters of England's American colonies' campaign for independence. Following the completion of the work, Macaulay visited America and met with George Washington in 1785.