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John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

(1650-1722), Soldier and statesman

Sitter associated with 85 portraits
Rising to become a confidential agent of James, Duke of York, once James became King in 1685, Churchill pursued a distinguished military career, playing a major role in crushing the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion in 1685. He later deserted James II in 1688, and was rewarded with an earldom by William III. Marlborough's influence at court reached its height with the accession of Queen Anne, when promoted to Commander-in Chief of the allied forces, he achieved huge victories against the French in the War of the Spanish Succession. However, the increasing unpopularity of the war and his arrogance contributed to his dismissal in 1711. He eventually regained favour with the accession of George I in 1714.

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John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, possibly by John Closterman, after  John Riley - NPG 501

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

possibly by John Closterman, after John Riley
oil on canvas, feigned oval, (circa 1685-1690)
On display on Floor 1: Saloon at Beningbrough Hall
NPG 501

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG 553

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, late 17th or early 18th century
NPG 553

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, studio of Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG 5470

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

studio of Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, 1700
NPG 5470

Unknown man, formerly known as John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG 1858

Unknown man, formerly known as John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, feigned oval, (circa 1704?)
NPG 1858

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG 902

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, circa 1706
On display in Room 8 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 902

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough; John Armstrong, by Unknown artist - NPG 5318

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough; John Armstrong

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1711-1720
On display in the Hall at Beningbrough Hall
NPG 5318

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, studio of John Michael Rysbrack - NPG 2005

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

studio of John Michael Rysbrack
marble bust, circa 1730
On display in Room 8 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2005

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D38238

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1689 or after
NPG D38238

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, after  Adriaen van der Werff - NPG D31530

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, after Adriaen van der Werff
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D31530

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D31533

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, early to mid 18th century
NPG D31533

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D31534

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D31534

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by George Vertue - NPG D31543

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by George Vertue
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D31543

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by John Simon, after  Michael Dahl - NPG D38232

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Simon, after Michael Dahl
mezzotint, (circa 1700-1725)
NPG D38232

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Unknown artist - NPG D5209

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D5209

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Unknown artist - NPG D5210

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D5210

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, published by Christoph Weigel - NPG D19728

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by Christoph Weigel
mezzotint, circa 1700-1725
NPG D19728

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D16637

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
etching, 18th century
NPG D16637

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Christian Fritzsch - NPG D16648

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Christian Fritzsch
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D16648

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Christian Fritzsch - NPG D16649

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Christian Fritzsch
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D16649

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Unknown artist - NPG D16650

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Unknown artist
etching, early 18th century
NPG D16650

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Adolf van der Laan, after  Adriaen van der Werff - NPG D16651

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Adolf van der Laan, after Adriaen van der Werff
etching, early 18th century
NPG D16651

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Unknown artist - NPG D16652

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D16652

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Unknown artist - NPG D16647

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D16647

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D16645

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D16645

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D16640

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
etching, 18th century
NPG D16640

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by and published by Christoph Weigel - NPG D3668

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by Christoph Weigel
mezzotint, circa 1702-1720
NPG D3668

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, published by Christoph Weigel - NPG D3669

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by Christoph Weigel
mezzotint, circa 1702-1720
NPG D3669

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by and published by Elias-Christoph Heiss, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D5211

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by Elias-Christoph Heiss, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1702-1720
NPG D5211

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Gerard Valck, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D5212

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Gerard Valck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1702-1720
NPG D5212

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D11543

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1703 (circa 1700-1703)
NPG D11543

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D16643

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line and stipple engraving, 1703
NPG D16643

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D16644

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line and stipple engraving, 1703
NPG D16644

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D9330

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1705
NPG D9330

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by and published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D11542

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1705 (1705)
NPG D11542

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, published by John Smith, after  Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt - NPG D11948

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1705
NPG D11948

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Pieter Sluiter (Sluyter), sold by  Daniel van den Dalen, sold by  Andries van Damme - NPG D16661

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Pieter Sluiter (Sluyter), sold by Daniel van den Dalen, sold by Andries van Damme
etching, 1705
NPG D16661

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Michael Vandergucht - NPG D16662

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Michael Vandergucht
line engraving, published 1705
NPG D16662

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Pieter Schenck, after  Adriaen van der Werff - NPG D9329

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Pieter Schenck, after Adriaen van der Werff
mezzotint, 1708
NPG D9329

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, by Arnold van Westerhout - NPG D16658

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Arnold van Westerhout
line engraving, 1721
NPG D16658

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