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John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), Soldier and statesman

Sitter associated with 85 portraits
Rising to become a confidential agent of James, Duke of York once James became King in 1685, Churchill played a major role in crushing the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion. Just three years later he abandoned his Catholic king in favour of the Protestant William of Orange. His influence at court reached its height with the accession of Queen Anne. Promoted to Commander-in Chief of the allied forces, he achieved huge victories against the French in the War of the Spanish Succession. However, the increasing unpopularity of the war and Marlborough's arrogance contributed to his dismissal by Anne in 1711. He eventually regained favour with the accession of George I in 1714.

List Thumbnail

501

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

possibly by John Closterman, after John Riley
oil on canvas, feigned oval, (circa 1685-1690)
On display on Floor 1: Saloon at Beningbrough Hall
NPG 501

553

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, late 17th or early 18th century
NPG 553

5470

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

studio of Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, 1700
NPG 5470

1858

Unknown man, formerly known as John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, feigned oval, (circa 1704?)
NPG 1858

902

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
oil on canvas, circa 1706
NPG 902

5318

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough; John Armstrong

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1711-1720
On display in the Hall at Beningbrough Hall
NPG 5318

2005

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

studio of John Michael Rysbrack
marble bust, circa 1730
On display in Room 8 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2005

D31530

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, after Adriaen van der Werff
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D31530

D31533

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, early to mid 18th century
NPG D31533

D31543

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by George Vertue
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D31543

D5209

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D5209

D5210

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D5210

D19728

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by Christoph Weigel
mezzotint, circa 1700-1725
NPG D19728

D16637

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
etching, 18th century
NPG D16637

D16648

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Christian Fritzsch
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D16648

D16649

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Christian Fritzsch
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D16649

D16650

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Unknown artist
etching, early 18th century
NPG D16650

D16651

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Adolf van der Laan, after Adriaen van der Werff
etching, early 18th century
NPG D16651

D16652

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D16652

D16647

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D16647

D16645

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D16645

D31534

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D31534

D16640

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
etching, 18th century
NPG D16640

D3668

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by Christoph Weigel
mezzotint, circa 1702-1720
NPG D3668

D3669

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by Christoph Weigel
mezzotint, circa 1702-1720
NPG D3669

D5211

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by Elias-Christoph Heiss, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1702-1720
NPG D5211

D5212

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Gerard Valck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1702-1720
NPG D5212

D11543

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1703 (circa 1700-1703)
NPG D11543

D16643

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line and stipple engraving, 1703
NPG D16643

D16644

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line and stipple engraving, 1703
NPG D16644

D9330

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1705
NPG D9330

D11542

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1705 (1705)
NPG D11542

D11948

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1705
NPG D11948

D16661

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Pieter Sluiter (Sluyter), sold by Daniel van den Dalen, sold by Andries van Damme
etching, 1705
NPG D16661

D16662

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Michael Vandergucht
line engraving, published 1705
NPG D16662

D9329

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Pieter Schenck, after Adriaen van der Werff
mezzotint, 1708
NPG D9329

D16658

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Arnold van Westerhout
line engraving, 1721
NPG D16658

D16653

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Henry Roberts, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D16653

D31535

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, mid to late 18th century
NPG D31535

D31537

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, mid to late 18th century
NPG D31537

D16646

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Sebastien Pinssio, after Adriaen van der Werff
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D16646

D16660

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by B. Cole
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D16660

D33096

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Faber Jr, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1735
NPG D33096

D19727

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Faber Jr, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1735
NPG D19727

D16638

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Johann Sebastian Muller, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1744
NPG D16638

D31529

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D31529

D31536

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D31536

D13913

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D13913

D16630

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D16630

D16631

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D16631

D16634

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by John Hinton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1749
NPG D16634

D16635

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by William Wynne Ryland, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1757
NPG D16635

D16636

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by William Wynne Ryland, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1757
NPG D16636

D31531

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by R. Clamp, after Silvester Harding, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, late 18th century
NPG D31531

D16642

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by R. Clamp, after Silvester Harding, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, late 18th century
NPG D16642

D16632

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Goldar, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 22 April 1786
NPG D16632

D16633

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Goldar, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 22 April 1786
NPG D16633

D16641

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough; George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

by William Grainger, published by Alexander Hogg, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt, and after Unknown artist
etching, published 31 January 1787
NPG D16641