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John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), Soldier and statesman

Sitter associated with 85 portraits
Rising to become a confidential agent of James, Duke of York once James became King in 1685, Churchill played a major role in crushing the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion. Just three years later he abandoned his Catholic king in favour of the Protestant William of Orange. His influence at court reached its height with the accession of Queen Anne. Promoted to Commander-in Chief of the allied forces, he achieved huge victories against the French in the War of the Spanish Succession. However, the increasing unpopularity of the war and Marlborough's arrogance contributed to his dismissal by Anne in 1711. He eventually regained favour with the accession of George I in 1714.

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D16647

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Unknown artist
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D16647

D16645

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, early 18th century
NPG D16645

D16640

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
etching, 18th century
NPG D16640

D3668

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by Christoph Weigel
mezzotint, circa 1702-1720
NPG D3668

D3669

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by Christoph Weigel
mezzotint, circa 1702-1720
NPG D3669

D5211

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by Elias-Christoph Heiss, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1702-1720
NPG D5211

D5212

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Gerard Valck, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, circa 1702-1720
NPG D5212

D11543

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1703 (circa 1700-1703)
NPG D11543

D16643

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line and stipple engraving, 1703
NPG D16643

D16644

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line and stipple engraving, 1703
NPG D16644

D9330

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1705
NPG D9330

D11542

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1705 (1705)
NPG D11542

D11948

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1705
NPG D11948

D16661

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Pieter Sluiter (Sluyter), sold by Daniel van den Dalen, sold by Andries van Damme
etching, 1705
NPG D16661

D16662

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Michael Vandergucht
line engraving, published 1705
NPG D16662

D9329

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Pieter Schenck, after Adriaen van der Werff
mezzotint, 1708
NPG D9329

D16658

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Arnold van Westerhout
line engraving, 1721
NPG D16658

D16653

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Henry Roberts, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D16653

D31535

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, mid to late 18th century
NPG D31535