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John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), Soldier and statesman

Sitter associated with 85 portraits
Rising to become a confidential agent of James, Duke of York, once James became King in 1685, Churchill pursued a distinguished military career, playing a major role in crushing the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion in 1685. He later deserted James II in 1688, and was rewarded with an earldom by William III. Marlborough's influence at court reached its height with the accession of Queen Anne, when promoted to Commander-in Chief of the allied forces, he achieved huge victories against the French in the War of the Spanish Succession. However, the increasing unpopularity of the war and his arrogance contributed to his dismissal in 1711. He eventually regained favour with the accession of George I in 1714.

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D31537

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, mid to late 18th century
NPG D31537

D16646

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Sébastien Pinssio, after Adriaen van der Werff
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D16646

D16660

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by B. Cole
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D16660

D33096

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Faber Jr, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1735
NPG D33096

D19727

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Faber Jr, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1735
NPG D19727

D16638

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Johann Sebastian Müller, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1744
NPG D16638

D31529

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D31529

D31536

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D31536

D13913

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D13913

D16630

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D16630

D16631

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D16631

D16634

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by John Hinton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1749
NPG D16634

D16635

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by William Wynne Ryland, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1757
NPG D16635

D16636

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by William Wynne Ryland, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1757
NPG D16636

D31531

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by R. Clamp, after Silvester Harding, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, late 18th century
NPG D31531

D16642

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by R. Clamp, after Silvester Harding, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, late 18th century
NPG D16642

D16632

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Goldar, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 22 April 1786
NPG D16632

D16633

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Goldar, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 22 April 1786
NPG D16633

D16641

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough; George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

by William Grainger, published by Alexander Hogg, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt, and after Unknown artist
etching, published 31 January 1787
NPG D16641