Search the Collection

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), Soldier and statesman

Sitter associated with 85 portraits
Rising to become a confidential agent of James, Duke of York, once James became King in 1685, Churchill pursued a distinguished military career, playing a major role in crushing the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion in 1685. He later deserted James II in 1688, and was rewarded with an earldom by William III. Marlborough's influence at court reached its height with the accession of Queen Anne, when promoted to Commander-in Chief of the allied forces, he achieved huge victories against the French in the War of the Spanish Succession. However, the increasing unpopularity of the war and his arrogance contributed to his dismissal in 1711. He eventually regained favour with the accession of George I in 1714.

List Thumbnail

D16653

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Henry Roberts, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D16653

D31535

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, mid to late 18th century
NPG D31535

D31537

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, mid to late 18th century
NPG D31537

D16646

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Sébastien Pinssio, after Adriaen van der Werff
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D16646

D16660

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by B. Cole
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D16660

D38233

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Robert Sheppard, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1732-1740
NPG D38233

D33096

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Faber Jr, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1735
NPG D33096

D19727

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Faber Jr, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1735
NPG D19727

D16638

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Johann Sebastian Müller, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1744
NPG D16638

D31529

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D31529

D31536

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D31536

D38234

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D38234

D13913

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D13913

D16630

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D16630

D16631

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D16631

D16634

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by John Hinton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1749
NPG D16634

D16635

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by William Wynne Ryland, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1757
NPG D16635

D16636

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by William Wynne Ryland, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1757
NPG D16636

D31531

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by R. Clamp, after Silvester Harding, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, late 18th century
NPG D31531

D16642

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by R. Clamp, after Silvester Harding, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, late 18th century
NPG D16642

Family Tree

Tell us moreback to top

Can you tell us more about this person? Spotted an error, something missing, or do you know anything that we don't know? If you have any information to share please complete the form below

What can you tell us?close

There are occasions when we are unsure of the identity of a sitter or artist, their life dates, occupation or have not recorded their family relationships. Sometimes we have not recorded the date of a portrait. Do you have specialist knowledge or a particular interest about any aspect of the portrait or sitter or artist that you can share with us? We would welcome any information that adds to and enhances our information and understanding about a particular portrait, sitter or artist.

Citationclose

How do you know this? Please could you let us know your source of information.

* Permission to publish (Privacy information)
Privacy Informationclose

The National Portrait Gallery will NOT use your information to contact you or store for any other purpose than to investigate or display your contribution. By ticking permission to publish you are indicating your agreement for your contribution to be shown on this collection item page. Please note your email address will not be displayed on the page nor will it be used for any marketing material or promotion of any kind.

Please ensure your comments are relevant and appropriate. Your contributions must be polite and with no intention of causing trouble. All contributions are moderated.

Your nameclose

If you tick permission to publish your name will appear above your contribution on our website.

Your Emailclose

Contributions are moderated. We'll need your email address so that we can follow up on the information provided and contact you to let you know when your contribution has been published.