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John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), Soldier and statesman

Sitter associated with 85 portraits
Rising to become a confidential agent of James, Duke of York, once James became King in 1685, Churchill pursued a distinguished military career, playing a major role in crushing the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion in 1685. He later deserted James II in 1688, and was rewarded with an earldom by William III. Marlborough's influence at court reached its height with the accession of Queen Anne, when promoted to Commander-in Chief of the allied forces, he achieved huge victories against the French in the War of the Spanish Succession. However, the increasing unpopularity of the war and his arrogance contributed to his dismissal in 1711. He eventually regained favour with the accession of George I in 1714.

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D16632

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Goldar, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 22 April 1786
NPG D16632

D16633

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Goldar, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 22 April 1786
NPG D16633

D16641

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough; George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

by William Grainger, published by Alexander Hogg, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt, and after Unknown artist
etching, published 31 January 1787
NPG D16641

D16654

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by A. Smith, published by Thomas Cadell the Elder, published by Richard Baldwin, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1 June 1790 (1705)
NPG D16654

D16655

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by A. Smith, published by Thomas Cadell the Elder, published by Richard Baldwin, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1 June 1790 (1705)
NPG D16655

D31532

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after John Faber Sr
stipple engraving, 1794 (1703)
NPG D31532

D16639

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Philipp Audinet, published by Harrison & Co, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1 May 1795
NPG D16639

D31540

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by William Holl Sr, or by William Holl Jr, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D31540

D31541

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Mackenzie, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D31541

D31542

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Mackenzie, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D31542

D16656

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Chapman, published by John Wilkes
stipple engraving printed in colours, published 1801
NPG D16656

D16657

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Chapman, published by John Wilkes
stipple engraving printed in colours, published 1801
NPG D16657

D38236

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by William Bond, published by Longman & Co
stipple engraving, published 10 June 1818
NPG D38236

D31538

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by John Henry Robinson, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published June 1823
NPG D31538

D31539

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by Sir Richard Phillips, after Adriaen van der Werff
stipple engraving, published 15 January 1823
NPG D31539

D38237

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Robert Cooper, published by Harding, Mavor & Lepard, after William Derby
stipple engraving, published 24 December 1823
NPG D38237

D38238

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1689 or after
NPG D38238

D18769

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Simon, published by Edward Cooper, after Michael Dahl
mezzotint, (circa 1700-1725)
NPG D18769