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John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), Soldier and statesman

Sitter associated with 85 portraits
Rising to become a confidential agent of James, Duke of York, once James became King in 1685, Churchill pursued a distinguished military career, playing a major role in crushing the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion in 1685. He later deserted James II in 1688, and was rewarded with an earldom by William III. Marlborough's influence at court reached its height with the accession of Queen Anne, when promoted to Commander-in Chief of the allied forces, he achieved huge victories against the French in the War of the Spanish Succession. However, the increasing unpopularity of the war and his arrogance contributed to his dismissal in 1711. He eventually regained favour with the accession of George I in 1714.

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D16654

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by A. Smith, published by Thomas Cadell the Elder, published by Richard Baldwin, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1 June 1790 (1705)
NPG D16654

D16655

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by A. Smith, published by Thomas Cadell the Elder, published by Richard Baldwin, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1 June 1790 (1705)
NPG D16655

D31532

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after John Faber Sr
stipple engraving, 1794 (1703)
NPG D31532

D16639

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Philipp Audinet, published by Harrison & Co, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 1 May 1795
NPG D16639

D31540

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by William Holl Sr, or by William Holl Jr, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D31540

D31541

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Mackenzie, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D31541

D31542

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Mackenzie, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D31542

D16656

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Chapman, published by John Wilkes
stipple engraving printed in colours, published 1801
NPG D16656

D16657

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Chapman, published by John Wilkes
stipple engraving printed in colours, published 1801
NPG D16657

D31538

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by John Henry Robinson, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published June 1823
NPG D31538

D31539

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

published by Sir Richard Phillips, after Adriaen van der Werff
stipple engraving, published 15 January 1823
NPG D31539

D38238

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1689 or after
NPG D38238

D38232

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Simon, after Michael Dahl
mezzotint, (circa 1700-1725)
NPG D38232

D18769

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Simon, published by Edward Cooper, after Michael Dahl
mezzotint, (circa 1700-1725)
NPG D18769

D19561

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, circa 1700-1724
NPG D19561

D18814

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1705 (1705)
NPG D18814

D19740

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Pieter Schenck, after Adriaen van der Werff
mezzotint, 1708
NPG D19740

D18908

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by George Vertue, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
engraving, 1711
NPG D18908

D38233

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Robert Sheppard, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1732-1740
NPG D38233