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John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), Soldier and statesman

Sitter associated with 85 portraits
Rising to become a confidential agent of James, Duke of York once James became King in 1685, Churchill played a major role in crushing the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion. Just three years later he abandoned his Catholic king in favour of the Protestant William of Orange. His influence at court reached its height with the accession of Queen Anne. Promoted to Commander-in Chief of the allied forces, he achieved huge victories against the French in the War of the Spanish Succession. However, the increasing unpopularity of the war and Marlborough's arrogance contributed to his dismissal by Anne in 1711. He eventually regained favour with the accession of George I in 1714.

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D19400

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Robert Sheppard, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1732-1740
NPG D19400

D38234

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1745
NPG D38234

D38235

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by John Goldar, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, published 22 April 1786
NPG D38235

D38236

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by William Bond, published by Longman & Co
stipple engraving, published 10 June 1818
NPG D38236

D38237

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Robert Cooper, published by Harding, Mavor & Lepard, after William Derby
stipple engraving, published 24 December 1823
NPG D38237