Search the Collection

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), Soldier and statesman

Sitter associated with 85 portraits
Rising to become a confidential agent of James, Duke of York, once James became King in 1685, Churchill pursued a distinguished military career, playing a major role in crushing the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion in 1685. He later deserted James II in 1688, and was rewarded with an earldom by William III. Marlborough's influence at court reached its height with the accession of Queen Anne, when promoted to Commander-in Chief of the allied forces, he achieved huge victories against the French in the War of the Spanish Succession. However, the increasing unpopularity of the war and his arrogance contributed to his dismissal in 1711. He eventually regained favour with the accession of George I in 1714.

List Thumbnail

D19561

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, circa 1700-1724
NPG D19561

D18814

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by and published by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1705 (1705)
NPG D18814

D19740

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Pieter Schenck, after Adriaen van der Werff
mezzotint, 1708
NPG D19740

D18908

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by George Vertue, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
engraving, 1711
NPG D18908

D19400

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

by Robert Sheppard, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, 1732-1740
NPG D19400