Search the Collection

Mary, Queen of Scots

(1542-1587), Reigned 1542-67

Sitter associated with 149 portraits
The daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise, Mary spent her childhood in France, marrying Francis II in 1558. Following his early death, she returned to Scotland, ruling for seven years. Her marriage to Lord Darnley produced her only child, later James I of England and VI of Scotland, but ended in Darnley's murder in 1567. Mary later married the Earl of Bothwell who was implicated in Darnley's death. She was forced to abdicate in favour of her son and fled to England. As Elizabeth's immediate heir to the throne, she became the focus for Roman Catholic rebellion and was a continual threat to the future of Protestant England. In 1586 she was declared guilty of treason and executed the following year.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

List Thumbnail

Mary, Queen of Scots, after François Clouet - NPG 555

Mary, Queen of Scots

after François Clouet
oil on canvas, (1560)
NPG 555

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Unknown artist - NPG 1766

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, circa 1560-1592
On display in Room 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1766

Unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots, by Unknown artist - NPG 96

Unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, transferred to canvas, circa 1570
On display in Room 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 96

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Nicholas Hilliard - NPG 429

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Nicholas Hilliard
oil on panel, inscribed 1578
On display in Room 2 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 429

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Jacopo Primavera - NPG 1918

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Jacopo Primavera
electrotype of medal, (1580s)
NPG 1918

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Elkington & Co, cast by  Domenico Brucciani, after  Cornelius and William Cure - NPG 307

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani, after Cornelius and William Cure
electrotype, 1870 (circa 1606-1616)
On display in Room 3 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 307

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Cornelius and William Cure - NPG 307a

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Cornelius and William Cure
plaster cast of front of head, (circa 1606-1616)
NPG 307a

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Cornelius and William Cure - NPG 307b

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Cornelius and William Cure
plaster cast of head, (circa 1606-1616)
NPG 307b

Mary, Queen of Scots, after a medal by Unknown artist, after a medal by  Jacopo Primavera - NPG 96a

Mary, Queen of Scots

after a medal by Unknown artist, after a medal by Jacopo Primavera
electrotype of medal, (18th century)
NPG 96a

Album introductory carte-de-visite, by Unknown photographer - NPG x197215

Album introductory carte-de-visite

by Unknown photographer
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG x197215

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Unknown photographer - NPG Ax196529

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Unknown photographer
albumen print, 1860s
NPG Ax196529

Mary, Queen of Scots, after an engraving by Franz Huys - NPG D13137

Mary, Queen of Scots

after an engraving by Franz Huys
facsimile of an engraving, (1550s)
NPG D13137

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Braun & Co (Adolphe Braun), after  François Clouet - NPG D21634

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Braun & Co (Adolphe Braun), after François Clouet
photograph of drawing, (circa 1560)
NPG D21634

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Braun & Co (Adolphe Braun), after  François Clouet - NPG D21633

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Braun & Co (Adolphe Braun), after François Clouet
photograph of drawing, (circa 1560)
NPG D21633

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D32134

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, late 16th-early 17th century
NPG D32134

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D32135

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, late 16th century
NPG D32135

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D32136

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, late 16th century
NPG D32136

Mary, Queen of Scots, by and published by Thomas de Leu - NPG D13138

Mary, Queen of Scots

by and published by Thomas de Leu
line engraving, late 16th century
NPG D13138

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Leonard Gaultier, published by  P. Gourdelle - NPG D42632

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Leonard Gaultier, published by P. Gourdelle
line engraving, after 1587
NPG D42632

Mary, Queen of Scots, possibly by Richard Gaywood - NPG D25051

Mary, Queen of Scots

possibly by Richard Gaywood
etching, 17th century
NPG D25051

Mary, Queen of Scots, by H. Jacopsen (Jacobsen) - NPG D25057

Mary, Queen of Scots

by H. Jacopsen (Jacobsen)
line engraving, probably early 17th century
NPG D25057

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D25058

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, probably early 17th century
NPG D25058

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Unknown artist - NPG D36704

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D36704

Called Mary, Queen of Scots, possibly published by Pierre Mariette the Younger, after  Unknown artist - NPG D41918

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

possibly published by Pierre Mariette the Younger, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D41918

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D32132

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th-18th century
NPG D32132

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D23290

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, after 1618
NPG D23290

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Martin Baes (Bas, Basse, Bassius) - NPG D42994

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Martin Baes (Bas, Basse, Bassius)
line engraving, circa 1618-1631; printed circa 1889
NPG D42994

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Martin Baes (Bas, Basse, Bassius) - NPG D42995

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Martin Baes (Bas, Basse, Bassius)
line engraving, circa 1618-1631
NPG D42995

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Martin Baes (Bas, Basse, Bassius) - NPG D42996

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Martin Baes (Bas, Basse, Bassius)
line engraving, circa 1618-1631
NPG D42996

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after  Unknown artist - NPG D13178

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1618
NPG D13178

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after  Unknown artist - NPG D16217

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1618
NPG D16217

The Roiail Progenei of our Most Sacred King James, by Benjamin Wright, after  Unknown artist - NPG D1370

The Roiail Progenei of our Most Sacred King James

by Benjamin Wright, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1619
NPG D1370

Mary, Queen of Scots, probably by Crispyn van den Queborne, published by  H. Jacopsen (Jacobsen), after  Unknown artist - NPG D32133

Mary, Queen of Scots

probably by Crispyn van den Queborne, published by H. Jacopsen (Jacobsen), after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1625-1652
NPG D32133

Mary, Queen of Scots, published by Balthasar Moncornet, after  Unknown artist - NPG D41916

Mary, Queen of Scots

published by Balthasar Moncornet, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D41916

Mary, Queen of Scots, published by Alexandre Boudan, after  Unknown artist - NPG D41917

Mary, Queen of Scots

published by Alexandre Boudan, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D41917

Mary, Queen of Scots, published by Balthasar Moncornet, after  Unknown artist - NPG D42633

Mary, Queen of Scots

published by Balthasar Moncornet, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D42633

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Claude Vignon - NPG D13129

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Claude Vignon
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D13129

Unknown woman formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots, by Wenceslaus Hollar, after  Unknown artist - NPG D21645

Unknown woman formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Unknown artist
etching, 1645
NPG D21645

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D23291

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1646
NPG D23291

Scottish Royals, by James Clark - NPG D29277

Scottish Royals

by James Clark
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D29277

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, after  Adriaen van der Werff - NPG D25082

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, after Adriaen van der Werff
line engraving, 1697
NPG D25082

Unknown sitter, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots, by George Vertue, after  Unknown artist - NPG D25055

Unknown sitter, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by George Vertue, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D25055

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D25069

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 18th century
NPG D25069

Unknown sitter, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D25086

Unknown sitter, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, probably early to mid 18th century
NPG D25086

Mary, Queen of Scots, by George Vertue - NPG D25088

Mary, Queen of Scots

by George Vertue
line engraving, early to mid 18th century
NPG D25088

Mary, Queen of Scots, by James Hulett - NPG D25089

Mary, Queen of Scots

by James Hulett
line engraving, possibly early to mid 18th century
NPG D25089

Unknown sitter, called Mary, Queen of Scots, by John Simon, after  Unknown artist - NPG D42340

Unknown sitter, called Mary, Queen of Scots

by John Simon, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1715-1720
NPG D42340

Unknown sitter, called Mary, Queen of Scots, by John Simon, after  Unknown artist - NPG D42339

Unknown sitter, called Mary, Queen of Scots

by John Simon, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1715-1720
NPG D42339

Unknown sitter, called Mary, Queen of Scots, by John Simon, after  Unknown artist - NPG D13130

Unknown sitter, called Mary, Queen of Scots

by John Simon, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1715-1720
NPG D13130

The Monument of Mary, Queen of Scots in Westminster Abbey, by Claude du Bosc, after  Hubert-François Gravelot (né Bourguignon) - NPG D31821

The Monument of Mary, Queen of Scots in Westminster Abbey

by Claude du Bosc, after Hubert-François Gravelot (né Bourguignon)
line engraving, circa 1720-1746
NPG D31821

Mary, Queen of Scots, by George Vertue - NPG D25087

Mary, Queen of Scots

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1729
NPG D25087

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Harrerarn - NPG D25074

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Harrerarn
etching and line engraving, possibly mid 18th century
NPG D25074

Mary, Queen of Scots, by J. Fraser - NPG D25076

Mary, Queen of Scots

by J. Fraser
line engraving, possibly mid to late 18th century
NPG D25076

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D25077

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly mid 18th century
NPG D25077

Media

Tell us moreback to top

Can you tell us more about this person? Spotted an error, information that is missing (a sitter’s life dates, occupation or family relationships, or a date of portrait for example) or do you know anything that we don't know? If you have information to share please complete the form below.

If you require information from us, please use our Archive enquiry service. If you wish to license an image, please use our Rights and Images service.

Please note that we cannot provide valuations.

We digitise over 8,000 portraits a year and we cannot guarantee being able to digitise images that are not already scheduled.

What can you tell us?close

There are occasions when we are unsure of the identity of a sitter or artist, their life dates, occupation or have not recorded their family relationships. Sometimes we have not recorded the date of a portrait. Do you have specialist knowledge or a particular interest about any aspect of the portrait or sitter or artist that you can share with us? We would welcome any information that adds to and enhances our information and understanding about a particular portrait, sitter or artist.

Citationclose

How do you know this? Please could you let us know your source of information.

* Permission to publish (Privacy information)
Privacy Informationclose

The National Portrait Gallery will NOT use your information to contact you or store for any other purpose than to investigate or display your contribution. By ticking permission to publish you are indicating your agreement for your contribution to be shown on this collection item page. Please note your email address will not be displayed on the page nor will it be used for any marketing material or promotion of any kind.

Please ensure your comments are relevant and appropriate. Your contributions must be polite and with no intention of causing trouble. All contributions are moderated.

Your nameclose

If you tick permission to publish your name will appear above your contribution on our website.

Your Emailclose

Contributions are moderated. We'll need your email address so that we can follow up on the information provided and contact you to let you know when your contribution has been published.