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Mary, Queen of Scots

(1542-1587), Reigned 1542-67

Sitter associated with 148 portraits
The daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise, Mary spent her childhood in France, marrying Francis II in 1558. Following his early death, she returned to Scotland, ruling for seven years. Her marriage to Lord Darnley produced her only child, later James I of England and VI of Scotland, but ended in Darnley's murder in 1567. Mary later married the Earl of Bothwell who was implicated in Darnley's death. She was forced to abdicate in favour of her son and fled to England. As Elizabeth's immediate heir to the throne, she became the focus for Roman Catholic rebellion and was a continual threat to the future of Protestant England. In 1586 she was declared guilty of treason and executed the following year.

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Mary, Queen of Scots, possibly by Richard Gaywood - NPG D25051

Mary, Queen of Scots

possibly by Richard Gaywood
etching, 17th century
NPG D25051

Mary, Queen of Scots, by H. Jacopsen (Jacobsen) - NPG D25057

Mary, Queen of Scots

by H. Jacopsen (Jacobsen)
line engraving, probably early 17th century
NPG D25057

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D25058

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, probably early 17th century
NPG D25058

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Unknown artist - NPG D36704

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D36704

Called Mary, Queen of Scots, possibly published by Pierre Mariette the Younger, after  Unknown artist - NPG D41918

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

possibly published by Pierre Mariette the Younger, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D41918

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D32132

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th-18th century
NPG D32132

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D23290

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, after 1618
NPG D23290

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Martin Baes (Bas, Basse, Bassius) - NPG D42994

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Martin Baes (Bas, Basse, Bassius)
line engraving, circa 1618-1631; printed circa 1889
NPG D42994

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Martin Baes (Bas, Basse, Bassius) - NPG D42995

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Martin Baes (Bas, Basse, Bassius)
line engraving, circa 1618-1631
NPG D42995

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Martin Baes (Bas, Basse, Bassius) - NPG D42996

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Martin Baes (Bas, Basse, Bassius)
line engraving, circa 1618-1631
NPG D42996

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after  Unknown artist - NPG D13178

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1618
NPG D13178

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after  Unknown artist - NPG D16217

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1618
NPG D16217

The Roiail Progenei of our Most Sacred King James, by Benjamin Wright, after  Unknown artist - NPG D1370

The Roiail Progenei of our Most Sacred King James

by Benjamin Wright, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1619
NPG D1370

Mary, Queen of Scots, probably by Crispyn van den Queborne, published by  H. Jacopsen (Jacobsen), after  Unknown artist - NPG D32133

Mary, Queen of Scots

probably by Crispyn van den Queborne, published by H. Jacopsen (Jacobsen), after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1625-1652
NPG D32133

Mary, Queen of Scots, published by Balthasar Moncornet, after  Unknown artist - NPG D41916

Mary, Queen of Scots

published by Balthasar Moncornet, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D41916

Mary, Queen of Scots, published by Alexandre Boudan, after  Unknown artist - NPG D41917

Mary, Queen of Scots

published by Alexandre Boudan, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D41917

Mary, Queen of Scots, published by Balthasar Moncornet, after  Unknown artist - NPG D42633

Mary, Queen of Scots

published by Balthasar Moncornet, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D42633

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Claude Vignon - NPG D13129

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Claude Vignon
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D13129

Unknown woman formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots, by Wenceslaus Hollar, after  Unknown artist - NPG D21645

Unknown woman formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Unknown artist
etching, 1645
NPG D21645

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D23291

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1646
NPG D23291

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