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Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587), Reigned 1542-67

Sitter associated with 144 portraits
The daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise, Mary spent her childhood in France, marrying Francis II in 1558. Following his early death, she returned to Scotland, ruling for seven years. Her marriage to Lord Darnley produced her only child, later James I of England and VI of Scotland, but ended in Darnley's murder in 1567. Mary later married the Earl of Bothwell who was implicated in Darnley's death. She was forced to abdicate in favour of her son and fled to England. As Elizabeth's immediate heir to the throne, she became the focus for Roman Catholic rebellion and was a continual threat to the future of Protestant England. In 1586 she was declared guilty of treason and executed the following year.

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D25058

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, probably early 17th century
NPG D25058

D36704

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D36704

D41918

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

possibly published by Pierre Mariette the Younger, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D41918

D32132

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 17th-18th century
NPG D32132

D23290

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, after 1618
NPG D23290

D13178

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1618
NPG D13178

D16217

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1618
NPG D16217

D1370

The Roiail Progenei of our Most Sacred King James

by Benjamin Wright, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1619
NPG D1370

D32133

Mary, Queen of Scots

probably by Crispyn van den Queborne, published by H. Jacopsen (Jacobsen), after Unknown artist
line engraving, circa 1625-1652
NPG D32133

D41916

Mary, Queen of Scots

published by Balthasar Moncornet, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D41916

D41917

Mary, Queen of Scots

published by Alexandre Boudan, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D41917

D42633

Mary, Queen of Scots

published by Balthasar Moncornet, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D42633

D13129

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Claude Vignon
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D13129

D21645

Unknown woman formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Unknown artist
etching, 1645
NPG D21645

D23291

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1646
NPG D23291

D29277

Scottish Royals

by James Clark
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D29277

D25082

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, after Adriaen van der Werff
line engraving, 1697
NPG D25082

D25055

Unknown sitter, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by George Vertue, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D25055

D25069

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 18th century
NPG D25069

D25086

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Federico Zuccaro
mezzotint, probably early to mid 18th century
NPG D25086