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Mary, Queen of Scots

(1542-1587), Reigned 1542-67

Sitter associated with 149 portraits
Daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise, Mary spent her childhood in France, marrying Francis II in 1558. Following his early death, she returned to Scotland, ruling for seven years. Her marriage to Lord Darnley produced her only child, later James I of England and VI of Scotland, but ended in Darnley's murder in 1567. Mary later married the Earl of Bothwell who was implicated in Darnley's death. Forced to abdicate in favour of her son, she fled to England. As Elizabeth's immediate heir to the throne, she became the focus for Roman Catholic rebellion and was a continual threat to the future of Protestant England. Declared guilty of treason in 1586, she was executed the following year.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Scottish Royals, by James Clark - NPG D29277

Scottish Royals

by James Clark
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D29277

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, after  Adriaen van der Werff - NPG D25082

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, after Adriaen van der Werff
line engraving, 1697
NPG D25082

Unknown sitter, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots, by George Vertue, after  Unknown artist - NPG D25055

Unknown sitter, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by George Vertue, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 18th century
NPG D25055

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D25069

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 18th century
NPG D25069

Unknown sitter, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D25086

Unknown sitter, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, probably early to mid 18th century
NPG D25086

Mary, Queen of Scots, by George Vertue - NPG D25088

Mary, Queen of Scots

by George Vertue
line engraving, early to mid 18th century
NPG D25088

Mary, Queen of Scots, by James Hulett - NPG D25089

Mary, Queen of Scots

by James Hulett
line engraving, possibly early to mid 18th century
NPG D25089

Unknown sitter, called Mary, Queen of Scots, by John Simon, after  Unknown artist - NPG D42340

Unknown sitter, called Mary, Queen of Scots

by John Simon, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1715-1720
NPG D42340

Unknown sitter, called Mary, Queen of Scots, by John Simon, after  Unknown artist - NPG D42339

Unknown sitter, called Mary, Queen of Scots

by John Simon, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1715-1720
NPG D42339

Unknown sitter, called Mary, Queen of Scots, by John Simon, after  Unknown artist - NPG D13130

Unknown sitter, called Mary, Queen of Scots

by John Simon, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, 1715-1720
NPG D13130

The Monument of Mary, Queen of Scots in Westminster Abbey, by Claude du Bosc, after  Hubert-François Gravelot (né Bourguignon) - NPG D31821

The Monument of Mary, Queen of Scots in Westminster Abbey

by Claude du Bosc, after Hubert-François Gravelot (né Bourguignon)
line engraving, circa 1720-1746
NPG D31821

Mary, Queen of Scots, by George Vertue - NPG D25087

Mary, Queen of Scots

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1729
NPG D25087

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Harrerarn - NPG D25074

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Harrerarn
etching and line engraving, possibly mid 18th century
NPG D25074

Mary, Queen of Scots, by J. Fraser - NPG D25076

Mary, Queen of Scots

by J. Fraser
line engraving, possibly mid to late 18th century
NPG D25076

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D25077

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly mid 18th century
NPG D25077

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