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Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587), Reigned 1542-67

Sitter associated with 145 portraits
The daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise, Mary spent her childhood in France, marrying Francis II in 1558. Following his early death, she returned to Scotland, ruling for seven years. Her marriage to Lord Darnley produced her only child, later James I of England and VI of Scotland, but ended in Darnley's murder in 1567. Mary later married the Earl of Bothwell who was implicated in Darnley's death. She was forced to abdicate in favour of her son and fled to England. As Elizabeth's immediate heir to the throne, she became the focus for Roman Catholic rebellion and was a continual threat to the future of Protestant England. In 1586 she was declared guilty of treason and executed the following year.

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D25047

Mary, Queen of Scots

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1735
NPG D25047

D13127

Unknown woman formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by Jacobus Houbraken, after Isaac Oliver
line engraving, published 1738
NPG D13127

D25090

The Battle of Carberry Hill

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1742
NPG D25090

D10545

Unknown sitter, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by John Keyse Sherwin, after Unknown artist
stipple engraving, late 18th century
NPG D10545

D25053

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Edward Harding, after Silvester Harding
stipple engraving, possibly late 18th to early 19th century
NPG D25053

D25056

Mary, Queen of Scots

possibly after Pieter van der Heyden
line engraving, perhaps late 18th-early 19th century
NPG D25056

D13124

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after François Clouet
stipple engraving, late 18th-early 19th century
NPG D13124

D25048

Unknown child called King James I of England and VI of Scotland; unknown woman called Mary, Queen of Scots

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Spiridone Roma, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1779
NPG D25048

D25049

Unknown child called King James I of England and VI of Scotland; unknown woman called Mary, Queen of Scots

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Spiridone Roma, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1779
NPG D25049

D25068

The Monument of Mary, Queen of Scots in Westminster Abbey

by John Goldar, after Hubert-François Gravelot (né Bourguignon)
line engraving, published 7 October 1786
NPG D25068

D42668

The Monument of Mary, Queen of Scots in Westminster Abbey

by John Goldar, after Hubert-François Gravelot (né Bourguignon)
line engraving, published 7 October 1786
NPG D42668

D25075

Mary, Queen of Scots

by John Keyse Sherwin, after Federico Zuccaro
line engraving, 1788
NPG D25075

D13128

Q. Mary's Escape from Lochleven Castle (Mary, Queen of Scots)

by William Sharp, after Robert Smirke
line engraving, published 1795
NPG D13128

D25071

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Thomas Trotter, published by Isaac Herbert
line engraving, published 10 March 1796
NPG D25071

D10550

Bothwell Meeting the Queen (James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell; Mary, Queen of Scots)

by Robert Hartley Cromek, after Thomas Stothard
engraving and etching, published 1798
NPG D10550

D31815

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
lithograph, 19th century
NPG D31815