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Mary, Queen of Scots

(1542-1587), Reigned 1542-67

Sitter associated with 149 portraits
The daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise, Mary spent her childhood in France, marrying Francis II in 1558. Following his early death, she returned to Scotland, ruling for seven years. Her marriage to Lord Darnley produced her only child, later James I of England and VI of Scotland, but ended in Darnley's murder in 1567. Mary later married the Earl of Bothwell who was implicated in Darnley's death. She was forced to abdicate in favour of her son and fled to England. As Elizabeth's immediate heir to the throne, she became the focus for Roman Catholic rebellion and was a continual threat to the future of Protestant England. In 1586 she was declared guilty of treason and executed the following year.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Mary, Queen of Scots, by Thomas Hodgetts, published by  A.W. Maclean, after  Farino - NPG D25084

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Thomas Hodgetts, published by A.W. Maclean, after Farino
mezzotint, published 1 June 1833
NPG D25084

Mary, Queen of Scots, by William Derby, after  P. Oudry, after  Nicholas Hilliard - NPG D23067

Mary, Queen of Scots

by William Derby, after P. Oudry, after Nicholas Hilliard
pencil, circa 1835-1842 (circa 1610)
NPG D23067

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Adolphe Pierre Riffaut, after  François Clouet - NPG D13123

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Adolphe Pierre Riffaut, after François Clouet
etching printed in colours, published 1848
NPG D13123

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Hanns Hanfstaengl, after  Unknown artist, after  Nicholas Hilliard - NPG D31825

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Hanns Hanfstaengl, after Unknown artist, after Nicholas Hilliard
photograph of painting, 1850s-1860s (circa 1610)
NPG D31825

Detail of jewels from portrait of an unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots, by Sir George Scharf, after  Hans Eworth - NPG D22545

Detail of jewels from portrait of an unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by Sir George Scharf, after Hans Eworth
pencil on tracing paper, circa 1857-1895 (1540s)
NPG D22545

'Queen Mary quitting Stirling Castle', by William Luson Thomas, after  Henrietta Mary Ada Ward - NPG D13136

'Queen Mary quitting Stirling Castle'

by William Luson Thomas, after Henrietta Mary Ada Ward
wood engraving, 1863
NPG D13136

Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D31824

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
photograph of painting, late 19th century (early 17th century)
NPG D31824

Fictitious portrait called Mary, Queen of Scots, after Unknown artist - NPG D31826

Fictitious portrait called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
chromolithograph, late 19th century
NPG D31826

Mary, Queen of Scots being led to execution, by William Luson Thomas, after  Scipione Vannutelli - NPG D13135

Mary, Queen of Scots being led to execution

by William Luson Thomas, after Scipione Vannutelli
wood engraving, late 19th century
NPG D13135

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Sir George Scharf, after  Unknown artist - NPG D20918

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Sir George Scharf, after Unknown artist
pencil on tracing paper, 1880s?
NPG D20918

Unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots, by James L. Caw, after  Hans Eworth - NPG D21663

Unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by James L. Caw, after Hans Eworth
pencil, 1896 (1540s)
NPG D21663

Called Mary, Queen of Scots, after Henry Bone, possibly after  Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro) - NPG D41904

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Henry Bone, possibly after Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro)
colour photogravure, published 1902
NPG D41904

Called Mary, Queen of Scots, after Henry Bone, possibly after  Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro) - NPG D41905

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Henry Bone, possibly after Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro)
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D41905

Called Mary, Queen of Scots, after Henry Bone, possibly after  Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro) - NPG D41906

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Henry Bone, possibly after Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro)
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D41906

Possibly Mary, Queen of Scots, after Nicholas Hilliard - NPG D42669

Possibly Mary, Queen of Scots

after Nicholas Hilliard
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D42669

Possibly Mary, Queen of Scots, after Nicholas Hilliard - NPG D42670

Possibly Mary, Queen of Scots

after Nicholas Hilliard
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D42670

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Alexander Adam Inglis, after  Unknown artist - NPG D31827

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Alexander Adam Inglis, after Unknown artist
photograph of painting, circa 1907-1909 (circa 1610-1620)
NPG D31827

Mary, Queen of Scots, by Unknown artist - NPG D36117

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Unknown artist
wax impression from a seal, 1923 or before
NPG D36117

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