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Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587), Reigned 1542-67

Sitter associated with 145 portraits
The daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise, Mary spent her childhood in France, marrying Francis II in 1558. Following his early death, she returned to Scotland, ruling for seven years. Her marriage to Lord Darnley produced her only child, later James I of England and VI of Scotland, but ended in Darnley's murder in 1567. Mary later married the Earl of Bothwell who was implicated in Darnley's death. She was forced to abdicate in favour of her son and fled to England. As Elizabeth's immediate heir to the throne, she became the focus for Roman Catholic rebellion and was a continual threat to the future of Protestant England. In 1586 she was declared guilty of treason and executed the following year.

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D31825

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Hanns Hanfstaengl, after Unknown artist, after Nicholas Hilliard
photograph of painting, 1850s-1860s (circa 1610)
NPG D31825

D22545

Detail of jewels from portrait of an unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by Sir George Scharf, after Hans Eworth
pencil on tracing paper, circa 1857-1895 (1540s)
NPG D22545

D13136

'Queen Mary quitting Stirling Castle'

by William Luson Thomas, after Henrietta Mary Ada Ward
wood engraving, 1863
NPG D13136

D31824

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
photograph of painting, late 19th century (early 17th century)
NPG D31824

D31826

Fictitious portrait called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
chromolithograph, late 19th century
NPG D31826

D13135

Mary, Queen of Scots being led to execution

by William Luson Thomas, after Scipione Vannutelli
wood engraving, late 19th century
NPG D13135

D20918

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Sir George Scharf, after Unknown artist
pencil on tracing paper, 1880s?
NPG D20918

D21663

Unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by James L. Caw, after Hans Eworth
pencil, 1896 (1540s)
NPG D21663

D41904

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Henry Bone, possibly after Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro)
colour photogravure, published 1902
NPG D41904

D41905

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Henry Bone, possibly after Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro)
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D41905

D41906

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Henry Bone, possibly after Anthonis Mor (Antonio Moro)
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D41906

D42669

Possibly Mary, Queen of Scots

after Nicholas Hilliard
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D42669

D42670

Possibly Mary, Queen of Scots

after Nicholas Hilliard
photogravure, published 1902
NPG D42670

D31827

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Alexander Adam Inglis, after Unknown artist
photograph of painting, circa 1907-1909 (circa 1610-1620)
NPG D31827

D36117

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Unknown artist
wax impression from a seal, 1923 or before
NPG D36117

Ax129157

Mary, Queen of Scots

after Unknown artist
albumen print, 1850s-1860s
NPG Ax129157

D18774

Called Mary, Queen of Scots

after Federico Zuccaro
mezzotint, (circa 1575-1600)
NPG D18774

D20350

Mary, Queen of Scots

published by Balthasar Moncornet
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D20350