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Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587), Reigned 1542-67

Sitter associated with 145 portraits
The daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise, Mary spent her childhood in France, marrying Francis II in 1558. Following his early death, she returned to Scotland, ruling for seven years. Her marriage to Lord Darnley produced her only child, later James I of England and VI of Scotland, but ended in Darnley's murder in 1567. Mary later married the Earl of Bothwell who was implicated in Darnley's death. She was forced to abdicate in favour of her son and fled to England. As Elizabeth's immediate heir to the throne, she became the focus for Roman Catholic rebellion and was a continual threat to the future of Protestant England. In 1586 she was declared guilty of treason and executed the following year.

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D20253

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley; Mary, Queen of Scots

by Robert Dunkarton, published by Samuel Woodburn, after Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
mezzotint, published 1816
NPG D20253

D17491

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Henry Bone, after Unknown artist, after Nicholas Hilliard
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, June 1819
NPG D17491

D17507

Unknown woman, formerly known as Mary, Queen of Scots

by Henry Bone, after Unknown artist
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, June 1822
NPG D17507

D9295

Mary, Queen of Scots

by Jacques Etienne Pannier, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 19th century
NPG D9295

D6694

Mary, Queen of Scots

by PME?
pen and ink after a myricinius engraving
NPG D6694