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Mary of Modena (1658-1718), Queen of James II

Sitter associated with 55 portraits
Roman Catholic Queen of James II and only daughter of Alfonso IV, Duke of Modena, Mary intended to enter a convent until her marriage with James (1673). She then dedicated herself to the conversion of England, but her support of her husband's pro-Catholic policies made her unpopular. The fear of a Catholic succession to the throne, caused by the birth of their son James Francis Edward in 1688, led to the invitation of William of Orange to England.