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Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville

(1742-1811), Statesman

Sitter associated with 80 portraits
Henry Dundas was an important ally of Prime Minister William Pitt and a leading power-broker in Scotland. In 1784, he helped to pass Pitt's India Act, removing political power from the East India Company. As Home Secretary between 1791 and 1794, Melville delayed the abolition of slavery by amending Wilberforce's bill to make abolition 'gradual'. He was appointed Secretary of War in 1794 and organised the successful Egyptian campaign of 1801. His career came to an end in 1804, when he was impeached for financial mismanagement. He was narrowly acquitted but never held another ministerial position.

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The House of Commons 1793-94, by Karl Anton Hickel - NPG 745

The House of Commons 1793-94

by Karl Anton Hickel
oil on canvas, 1793-1795
NPG 745

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, replica by Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG 746

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville

replica by Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, circa 1810
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 746

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, by James Sayers, published by  Charles Bretherton - NPG D9858

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 6 April 1782
NPG D9858

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, by James Sayers, published by  Charles Bretherton - NPG D16521

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
coloured etching, 1782
NPG D16521

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, by John Raphael Smith, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D19829

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville

by John Raphael Smith, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, (1782)
NPG D19829

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, by John Raphael Smith, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D38365

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville

by John Raphael Smith, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1 July 1783 (1782)
NPG D38365

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, by John Raphael Smith, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG D38366

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville

by John Raphael Smith, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
mezzotint, 1 July 1783 (1782)
NPG D38366

'Razor's levée, or ye heads of a new Whig ad...........n on a broad bottom', by James Sayers, published by  Thomas Cornell - NPG D12233

'Razor's levée, or ye heads of a new Whig ad...........n on a broad bottom'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching, published 21 April 1783
NPG D12233

'Anticipation, or the approaching fate of the French Commercial Treaty', by James Gillray, published by  William Holland - NPG D12356

'Anticipation, or the approaching fate of the French Commercial Treaty'

by James Gillray, published by William Holland
hand-coloured etching, published 1787?
NPG D12356

'The board of controul, or the blessings of a Scotch dictator', by James Gillray, published by  R. Phillips - NPG D12359

'The board of controul, or the blessings of a Scotch dictator'

by James Gillray, published by R. Phillips
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 March 1787
NPG D12359

'The Prince at Grasse', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12362

'The Prince at Grasse'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 2 June 1787
NPG D12362

'The Prince in Clover', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12363

'The Prince in Clover'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 2 June 1787
NPG D12363

'Dido forsaken', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12994

'Dido forsaken'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 21 May 1787
NPG D12994

'Ancient music', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13060

'Ancient music'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 10 May 1787
NPG D13060

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville ('Dun-Shaw'), by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12375

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville ('Dun-Shaw')

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, aquatint and soft-ground etching, published 7 March 1788
NPG D12375

'Market day', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12377

'Market day'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1788
NPG D12377

'State-jugglers', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12381

'State-jugglers'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1788
NPG D12381

'-Coaches', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12383

'-Coaches'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1788
NPG D12383

'The installation-supper, as given at the Pantheon, by the Knights of the Bath on the 26th of May, 1788, by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13065

'The installation-supper, as given at the Pantheon, by the Knights of the Bath on the 26th of May, 1788

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 4 June 1788
NPG D13065

'John-Bull, baited by the dogs of excise', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12408

'John-Bull, baited by the dogs of excise'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 9 April 1790
NPG D12408

'Wierd sisters; ministers of darkness; minions of the moon', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12436

'Wierd sisters; ministers of darkness; minions of the moon'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 December 1791
NPG D12436

'Malagrida, driving post', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12441

'Malagrida, driving post'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and soft-ground etching, published 16 March 1792
NPG D12441

'Scotch Harry's news; - or - nincumpoop in high glee', by James Gillray, published by  James Aitken - NPG D12455

'Scotch Harry's news; - or - nincumpoop in high glee'

by James Gillray, published by James Aitken
hand-coloured etching, published 23 May 1792
NPG D12455

'Sin, Death, and the Devil', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12458

'Sin, Death, and the Devil'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1792
NPG D12458

'The dagger scene; - or - the plot discover'd', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12467

'The dagger scene; - or - the plot discover'd'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 30 December 1792
NPG D12467

'Wha wants me?' (Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville; William Pitt), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13012

'Wha wants me?' (Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville; William Pitt)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 June 1792
NPG D13012

'A smoking club', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12470

'A smoking club'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 13 February 1793
NPG D12470

'Presentation of the Mahometan credentials - or - the final resource of French atheists', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13018

'Presentation of the Mahometan credentials - or - the final resource of French atheists'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 26 December 1793
NPG D13018

'God save the King, - in a bumper. or - an evening scene, three times a week at Wimbleton', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12525

'God save the King, - in a bumper. or - an evening scene, three times a week at Wimbleton'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 27 May 1795
NPG D12525

'John Bull ground down', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12527

'John Bull ground down'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 June 1795
NPG D12527

'The Republican attack', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12543

'The Republican attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 November 1795
NPG D12543

'Hanging. Drowning', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12545

'Hanging. Drowning'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 November 1795
NPG D12545

'The death of the Great Wolf', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12551

'The death of the Great Wolf'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 17 December 1795
NPG D12551

'Substitutes for bread; - or - right honorables, saving the loaves, and dividing the fishes', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12552

'Substitutes for bread; - or - right honorables, saving the loaves, and dividing the fishes'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 24 December 1795
NPG D12552

'Promis'd horrors of the French invasion, - or - forcible reasons for negotiating a regicide peace', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12579

'Promis'd horrors of the French invasion, - or - forcible reasons for negotiating a regicide peace'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 October 1796
NPG D12579

'The wine duty; - or - the triumph of Bacchus & Silenus; with John Bulls remonstrance', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12567

'The wine duty; - or - the triumph of Bacchus & Silenus; with John Bulls remonstrance'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 April 1796
NPG D12567

'Opening of the budget; - or - John Bull giving his breeches to save his bacon', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12583

'Opening of the budget; - or - John Bull giving his breeches to save his bacon'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 17 November 1796
NPG D12583

'Begging no robbery; - ie - voluntary contribution; - or - John Bull escaping a forced loan', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12588

'Begging no robbery; - ie - voluntary contribution; - or - John Bull escaping a forced loan'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 December 1796
NPG D12588

'The dog tax' (Richard Brinsley Sheridan; William Pitt; Charles James Fox; Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13022

'The dog tax' (Richard Brinsley Sheridan; William Pitt; Charles James Fox; Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 April 1796
NPG D13022

'The giant factotem amusing himself', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12593

'The giant factotem amusing himself'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 January 1797
NPG D12593

'End of the Irish invasion; - or - the destruction of the French armada', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12592

'End of the Irish invasion; - or - the destruction of the French armada'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 January 1797
NPG D12592

'Midas, transmuting all, into paper', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12603

'Midas, transmuting all, into paper'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 March 1797
NPG D12603

'Parliamentary-reform, - or - opposition-rats, leaving the house they had undermined', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12614

'Parliamentary-reform, - or - opposition-rats, leaving the house they had undermined'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 28 May 1797
NPG D12614

'Search-night; - or - state-watchmen mistaking honest-men for conspirators', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12633

'Search-night; - or - state-watchmen mistaking honest-men for conspirators'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 March 1798
NPG D12633

'Meeting of unfortunate citoyens', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12648

'Meeting of unfortunate citoyens'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 May 1798
NPG D12648

'Pigs meat; - or - the swine flogg'd out of the farm yard', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12654

'Pigs meat; - or - the swine flogg'd out of the farm yard'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 22 June 1798
NPG D12654

'Consequences of a successful French invasion, No 1, plate 1st', by and published by James Gillray - NPG D13086

'Consequences of a successful French invasion, No 1, plate 1st'

by and published by James Gillray
hand-coloured etching, published 1 March 1798
NPG D13086

'Exhibition of a democratic-transparency, - with its effect upon patriotic feelings', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13096

'Exhibition of a democratic-transparency, - with its effect upon patriotic feelings'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 15 April 1799
NPG D13096

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, by Samuel William Reynolds, after  Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG D38364

Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
mezzotint, early 19th century
NPG D38364

'Integrity retiring from office!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12756

'Integrity retiring from office!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 24 February 1801
NPG D12756

storming Heaven; - with, the gods alarmed for their everlasting-abodes', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13106

storming Heaven; - with, the gods alarmed for their everlasting-abodes'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 1 May 1804
NPG D13106

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