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James Scott, Duke of Monmouth and Buccleuch (1649-1685), Son of Charles II and Lucy Walter

Sitter associated with 43 portraits
The eldest of Charles II's illegitimate children, Monmouth was the son of Lucy Walter. Charming, ambitious and unprincipled, he fought in the Second and Third Anglo-Dutch wars and gained a considerable reputation as one of Britain's finest soldiers. On his father's death in 1685 he led the 'Monmouth Rebellion', an attempt to take the throne from his uncle, James II. He landed in England with a small Protestant army and issued a declaration in which he accused James of poisoning the late king, usurping the throne, and ruling against the law. His forces were defeated at Sedgemoor and he was tried and executed.