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Napoléon Bonaparte

(1769-1821), Emperor of France 1804-14

Sitter associated with 85 portraits
Napoleon, the Emperor of France from 1804-1815, was one of the most notorious of Britain's political enemies.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Napoléon Bonaparte, by Thomas Heaphy - NPG 1914(22)

Napoléon Bonaparte

by Thomas Heaphy
watercolour, circa 1813
NPG 1914(22)

Napoléon Bonaparte, by Benjamin Robert Haydon - NPG 6266

Napoléon Bonaparte

by Benjamin Robert Haydon
oil on canvas, (1830)
NPG 6266

Napoléon Bonaparte ('Fighting for the dunghill: - or - Jack Tar settling Buonaparte'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12666

Napoléon Bonaparte ('Fighting for the dunghill: - or - Jack Tar settling Buonaparte')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 November 1798
NPG D12666

Napoleon Bonaparte, by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12671

Napoleon Bonaparte

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 8 December 1798
NPG D12671

'Consequences of a successful French invasion, No 1, plate 1st', by and published by James Gillray - NPG D13086

'Consequences of a successful French invasion, No 1, plate 1st'

by and published by James Gillray
hand-coloured etching, published 1 March 1798
NPG D13086

'Allied-powers, un-booting egalité' (Napoléon Bonaparte; William V, Prince of Orange?), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12705

'Allied-powers, un-booting egalité' (Napoléon Bonaparte; William V, Prince of Orange?)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 September 1799
NPG D12705

Napoleon Bonaparte, by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12714

Napoleon Bonaparte

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 November 1799
NPG D12714

'Siege de la Colonne de Pompée - science in the pillory' (Napoléon Bonaparte?; Gaspard Monge, Comte de Péluse?), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13095

'Siege de la Colonne de Pompée - science in the pillory' (Napoléon Bonaparte?; Gaspard Monge, Comte de Péluse?)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 6 March 1799
NPG D13095

'The French-Consular-Triumverate, settl'ing the new constitution', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12719

'The French-Consular-Triumverate, settl'ing the new constitution'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 January 1800
NPG D12719

Napoléon Bonaparte ('Buonaparté leaving Egypt'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12727

Napoléon Bonaparte ('Buonaparté leaving Egypt')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 8 March 1800
NPG D12727

Napoléon Bonaparte, by Charles Howard Hodges, after  J.T. Rusca - NPG D20399

Napoléon Bonaparte

by Charles Howard Hodges, after J.T. Rusca
mezzotint, circa 1800-1825
NPG D20399

'Political dreamings! - Visions of peace! - Perspective horrors!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12769

'Political dreamings! - Visions of peace! - Perspective horrors!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 November 1801
NPG D12769

'Introduction of Citizen Volpone and his suite, at Paris', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12794

'Introduction of Citizen Volpone and his suite, at Paris'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 15 November 1802
NPG D12794

Frontispiece to Henry Tresham's 'Britannicus to Buonaparte: an Heroic Epistle' (Napoléon Bonaparte), by James Gillray, published by  John Hatchard, after  Henry Tresham - NPG D12630

Frontispiece to Henry Tresham's 'Britannicus to Buonaparte: an Heroic Epistle' (Napoléon Bonaparte)

by James Gillray, published by John Hatchard, after Henry Tresham
hand-coloured etching, published 1 November 1803
NPG D12630

'The first kiss this ten years! - or - the meeting of Britannia and Citizen François', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12797

'The first kiss this ten years! - or - the meeting of Britannia and Citizen François'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, soft-ground etching and aquatint, published 1 January 1803
NPG D12797

'German-nonchalence; - or - the vexation of little Boney' (Count Starhemberg; Napoléon Bonaparte), by and published by James Gillray - NPG D12798

'German-nonchalence; - or - the vexation of little Boney' (Count Starhemberg; Napoléon Bonaparte)

by and published by James Gillray
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 1 January 1803
NPG D12798

'Doctor Sangrado curing John Bull of repletion - with the kind offices of young Clysterpipe & little Boney -', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12807

'Doctor Sangrado curing John Bull of repletion - with the kind offices of young Clysterpipe & little Boney -'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1803
NPG D12807

Napoléon Bonaparte ('Maniac-ravings - or - little Boney in a strong fit - '), by and published by James Gillray - NPG D12811

Napoléon Bonaparte ('Maniac-ravings - or - little Boney in a strong fit - ')

by and published by James Gillray
hand-coloured etching, published 24 May 1803
NPG D12811

'The King of Brobdingnag, and Gulliver' (Napoléon Bonaparte; King George III), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12815

'The King of Brobdingnag, and Gulliver' (Napoléon Bonaparte; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 26 June 1803
NPG D12815

Napoléon Bonaparte ('Buonapartè, 48 hours after landing!'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12817

Napoléon Bonaparte ('Buonapartè, 48 hours after landing!')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 26 July 1803
NPG D12817

'Death of the Corsican-fox - scene the last, of the royal-hunt' (King George III; Napoléon Bonaparte), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12818

'Death of the Corsican-fox - scene the last, of the royal-hunt' (King George III; Napoléon Bonaparte)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 July 1803
NPG D12818

Napoléon Bonaparte ('John Bull offering little Boney fair play'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12819

Napoléon Bonaparte ('John Bull offering little Boney fair play')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 August 1803
NPG D12819

'The hand-writing upon the wall', by and published by James Gillray - NPG D12820

'The hand-writing upon the wall'

by and published by James Gillray
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 24 August 1803
NPG D12820

Napoléon Bonaparte ('The arms of France'), by James Gillray, published by  John Hatchard - NPG D12822

Napoléon Bonaparte ('The arms of France')

by James Gillray, published by John Hatchard
hand-coloured etching, published 6 September 1803
NPG D12822

'Destruction of the French gun-boats - or - little Boney & his friend Talley in high glee', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12823

'Destruction of the French gun-boats - or - little Boney & his friend Talley in high glee'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 22 November 1803
NPG D12823

'Evacuation of Malta' (Napoléon Bonaparte; Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13039

'Evacuation of Malta' (Napoléon Bonaparte; Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured soft-ground etching, published 9 February 1803
NPG D13039

Napoléon Bonaparte ('French invasion - or - Buonaparte landing in Great Britain'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13100

Napoléon Bonaparte ('French invasion - or - Buonaparte landing in Great Britain')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 June 1803
NPG D13100

'Boney and Talley' (Napoléon Bonaparte; Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevento), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13101

'Boney and Talley' (Napoléon Bonaparte; Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevento)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published September 1803
NPG D13101

Napoléon Bonaparte ('The Corsican-pest; - or - Belzebub going to supper'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13102

Napoléon Bonaparte ('The Corsican-pest; - or - Belzebub going to supper')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 October 1803
NPG D13102

'Britannia between death and the doctor's', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12830

'Britannia between death and the doctor's'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1804
NPG D12830

Napoléon Bonaparte ('The genius of France nursing her darling'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12838

Napoléon Bonaparte ('The genius of France nursing her darling')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 26 November 1804
NPG D12838

'The King of Brobdingnag and Gulliver', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13104

'The King of Brobdingnag and Gulliver'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 10 February 1804
NPG D13104

'L'assemblée nationale: - or - grand cooperation meeting at St Ann's Hill', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13107

'L'assemblée nationale: - or - grand cooperation meeting at St Ann's Hill'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 June 1804
NPG D13107

Napoléon Bonaparte, by Raphael Morghen, after  Stefano Tofanelli - NPG D15758

Napoléon Bonaparte

by Raphael Morghen, after Stefano Tofanelli
line engraving, circa 1804-1833
NPG D15758

'The plumb-pudding in danger: - or - state epicures taking un petit souper' (William Pitt; Napoléon Bonaparte), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12840

'The plumb-pudding in danger: - or - state epicures taking un petit souper' (William Pitt; Napoléon Bonaparte)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 26 February 1805
NPG D12840

'The surrender of Ulm - or - Buonapartè & Genl Mack, coming to a right understanding', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12851

'The surrender of Ulm - or - Buonapartè & Genl Mack, coming to a right understanding'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 November 1805
NPG D12851

'Ci-devant occupations - or - Madame Talian and the Empress Josephine dancing naked before Barrass in the Winter of 1797 - a fact! -', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13042

'Ci-devant occupations - or - Madame Talian and the Empress Josephine dancing naked before Barrass in the Winter of 1797 - a fact! -'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 February 1805
NPG D13042

'The grand coronation procession of Napoleone the 1st Emperor of France, from the church of Notre-Dame Decr 2d 1804', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13109

'The grand coronation procession of Napoleone the 1st Emperor of France, from the church of Notre-Dame Decr 2d 1804'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 1 January 1805
NPG D13109

'St George and the dragon' (Britannia; Napoléon Bonaparte; King George III), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13111

'St George and the dragon' (Britannia; Napoléon Bonaparte; King George III)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 2 August 1805
NPG D13111

'Tiddy-doll, the great French-gingerbread-baker; drawing out a new batch of kings', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12857

'Tiddy-doll, the great French-gingerbread-baker; drawing out a new batch of kings'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 23 January 1806
NPG D12857

'Comfort's of a bed of roses' (William Pitt; Elizabeth Bridget Fox (née Cane); Charles James Fox; Napoléon Bonaparte), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12864

'Comfort's of a bed of roses' (William Pitt; Elizabeth Bridget Fox (née Cane); Charles James Fox; Napoléon Bonaparte)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 21 April 1806
NPG D12864

'The magnanimous-minister, chastising Prussian-perfidy', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12865

'The magnanimous-minister, chastising Prussian-perfidy'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1806
NPG D12865

'Westminster conscripts under the training act', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12872

'Westminster conscripts under the training act'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 September 1806
NPG D12872

'News from Calabria! - capture of Buenos Ayres! - i.e. - the comforts of an imperial déjeuné at St Cloud's', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12873

'News from Calabria! - capture of Buenos Ayres! - i.e. - the comforts of an imperial déjeuné at St Cloud's'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 13 September 1806
NPG D12873

'Posting to the election, - a scene on the road to Brentford, Novr 1806', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13113

'Posting to the election, - a scene on the road to Brentford, Novr 1806'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 December 1806
NPG D13113

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12884

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 9 January 1807
NPG D12884

'British tars, towing the Danish fleet into harbour', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12896

'British tars, towing the Danish fleet into harbour'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 October 1807
NPG D12896

Napoléon Bonaparte, by J.P. Simon, after  Unknown artist - NPG D17991

Napoléon Bonaparte

by J.P. Simon, after Unknown artist
hand-coloured stipple engraving, 1807
NPG D17991

'Delicious dreams! - Castles in the air! - Glorious prospects!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12905

'Delicious dreams! - Castles in the air! - Glorious prospects!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 April 1808
NPG D12905

Napoléon Bonaparte ('Apotheosis of the Corsican-phoenix'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12910

Napoléon Bonaparte ('Apotheosis of the Corsican-phoenix')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 2 August 1808
NPG D12910

Napoléon Bonaparte ('The valley of the shadow of death'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12912

Napoléon Bonaparte ('The valley of the shadow of death')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 24 September 1808
NPG D12912

'The apples and the horse-turds; - or - Buonaparte among the golden pippins', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13033

'The apples and the horse-turds; - or - Buonaparte among the golden pippins'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 24 February 1808
NPG D13033

'The Spanish-bull-fight, - or - the Corsican-matador in danger -', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13046

'The Spanish-bull-fight, - or - the Corsican-matador in danger -'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 11 July 1808
NPG D13046

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