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Horatio Nelson

(1758-1805), Vice-Admiral and victor of Trafalgar

Horatio Nelson, Viscount Nelson

Sitter in 85 portraits
Nelson's victories during the wars with France gripped the popular imagination, making him the most enduring of British heroes. In 1793, following the outbreak of war with France, he lost an eye in a successful attack on Corsica. Nelson's strategic brilliance was confirmed at the Battle of Cape St Vincent (1797) and the Battle of the Nile (1798). This was followed by the great controversy of Nelson's career when, because of his passion for Emma Hamilton, he refused to leave Naples to defend Minorca. Nelson's last engagement was his greatest victory; he was killed by a sniper while defeating the combined French and Spanish fleets at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Horatio Nelson, published by Robert Laurie, published by  James Whittle - NPG D19423

Horatio Nelson

published by Robert Laurie, published by James Whittle
mezzotint, published 20 October 1798
NPG D19423

Horatio Nelson, by William Barnard, after  Lemuel Francis Abbott - NPG D17801

Horatio Nelson

by William Barnard, after Lemuel Francis Abbott
mezzotint, published 1798
NPG D17801

The British Naval Victors, by Valentine Green, after  Gainsborough Dupont, and after  Francis Cotes, and after  Richard Morton Paye, and after  Lemuel Francis Abbott - NPG D11103

The British Naval Victors

by Valentine Green, after Gainsborough Dupont, and after Francis Cotes, and after Richard Morton Paye, and after Lemuel Francis Abbott
mezzotint, published 1799
NPG D11103

Horatio Nelson, by Piercy Roberts, after  Lemuel Francis Abbott - NPG D5329

Horatio Nelson

by Piercy Roberts, after Lemuel Francis Abbott
stipple engraving, published 1800
NPG D5329

Horatio Nelson, by John Young, after  Leonardo Guzzardi - NPG D5334

Horatio Nelson

by John Young, after Leonardo Guzzardi
mezzotint, published 1800
NPG D5334

Horatio Nelson, by Granger, after  Lemuel Francis Abbott - NPG D5340

Horatio Nelson

by Granger, after Lemuel Francis Abbott
stipple engraving, published 1800
NPG D5340

Horatio Nelson, by George Cruikshank - NPG D5342

Horatio Nelson

by George Cruikshank
etching, early 19th century
NPG D5342

Horatio Nelson, after John De Vaere, after  Unknown artist - NPG D7210

Horatio Nelson

after John De Vaere, after Unknown artist
bronze medallion, 19th century (1798)
NPG D7210

Horatio Nelson, by and published by Robert Shipster, after  Lemuel Francis Abbott - NPG D8055

Horatio Nelson

by and published by Robert Shipster, after Lemuel Francis Abbott
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D8055

Horatio Nelson, after Simon de Koster - NPG D17798

Horatio Nelson

after Simon de Koster
line and stipple engraving, published 1800
NPG D17798

Horatio Nelson, by and published by John Young, after  John Rising - NPG D830

Horatio Nelson

by and published by John Young, after John Rising
mezzotint, published 2 November 1801
NPG D830

Horatio Nelson, by and published by William Brown, after  Daniel Orme - NPG D13559

Horatio Nelson

by and published by William Brown, after Daniel Orme
hand-coloured stipple engraving, published 1801
NPG D13559

Victors of the Nile, by William Bromley, and by  John George Landseer, and by  William Satchwell Leney (Lenney), published by  Robert Bowyer, after  Robert Smirke - NPG D17019

Victors of the Nile

by William Bromley, and by John George Landseer, and by William Satchwell Leney (Lenney), published by Robert Bowyer, after Robert Smirke
line engraving, published 1803
NPG D17019

Commemoration of the 14th February 1797, by William Henry Worthington, and by  James Parker, published by  Robert Bowyer, after  Robert Smirke - NPG D17017

Commemoration of the 14th February 1797

by William Henry Worthington, and by James Parker, published by Robert Bowyer, after Robert Smirke
line engraving, published 1803
NPG D17017

Horatio Nelson, by R.S. Syer, after  Lemuel Francis Abbott - NPG D4684

Horatio Nelson

by R.S. Syer, after Lemuel Francis Abbott
mezzotint printed in colours, 1804 or after
NPG D4684

Horatio Nelson, by Henry Bone, after  John Hoppner - NPG D17300

Horatio Nelson

by Henry Bone, after John Hoppner
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, September 1805 (1801)
NPG D17300

Horatio Nelson, by Henry Bone, after  John Hoppner - NPG D17443

Horatio Nelson

by Henry Bone, after John Hoppner
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, August 1805 (1801)
NPG D17443

Horatio Nelson, published by Edward Orme, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D38485

Horatio Nelson

published by Edward Orme, after Sir William Beechey
stipple engraving, published 2 December 1805
NPG D38485

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