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Horatio Nelson

(1758-1805), Vice-Admiral and victor of Trafalgar

Horatio Nelson, Viscount Nelson

Sitter in 85 portraits
Nelson's victories during the wars with France gripped the popular imagination, making him the most enduring of British heroes. In 1793, following the outbreak of war with France, he lost an eye in a successful attack on Corsica. Nelson's strategic brilliance was confirmed at the Battle of Cape St Vincent (1797) and the Battle of the Nile (1798). This was followed by the great controversy of Nelson's career when, because of his passion for Emma Hamilton, he refused to leave Naples to defend Minorca. Nelson's last engagement was his greatest victory; he was killed by a sniper while defeating the combined French and Spanish fleets at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Horatio Nelson, by and published by Peltro William Tomkins, after  Franz Thaller, after  Matthias Ranson - NPG D38486

Horatio Nelson

by and published by Peltro William Tomkins, after Franz Thaller, after Matthias Ranson
stipple engraving, published 21 November 1805
NPG D38486

Horatio Nelson, by Anthony Cardon, and by  John Girtin, published by  Rudolph Ackermann, after  Thomas Uwins, after  Simon de Koster - NPG D38488

Horatio Nelson

by Anthony Cardon, and by John Girtin, published by Rudolph Ackermann, after Thomas Uwins, after Simon de Koster
line and stipple engraving, published 24 December 1805
NPG D38488

Horatio Nelson, by Edward Scriven, after  Robert Bowyer - NPG D5331

Horatio Nelson

by Edward Scriven, after Robert Bowyer
stipple and line engraving, published 1805
NPG D5331

Horatio Nelson, by Benjamin Pearce - NPG D534

Horatio Nelson

by Benjamin Pearce
silhouette, 1805
NPG D534

Horatio Nelson, by Henry Meyer, after  John Hoppner - NPG D8059

Horatio Nelson

by Henry Meyer, after John Hoppner
stipple engraving, published 1805
NPG D8059

The death of Admiral Lord Nelson - in the moment of victory! (Horatio Nelson; Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy, 1st Bt), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12856

The death of Admiral Lord Nelson - in the moment of victory! (Horatio Nelson; Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy, 1st Bt)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 December 1805
NPG D12856

Horatio Nelson ('A correct View of the Grand Funeral Car'), by and printed by Hawkins & Ottway, published by  J. Page - NPG D21558

Horatio Nelson ('A correct View of the Grand Funeral Car')

by and printed by Hawkins & Ottway, published by J. Page
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 8 February 1806
NPG D21558

Horatio Nelson, by Richard Earlom, published by  Josiah Boydell, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D38484

Horatio Nelson

by Richard Earlom, published by Josiah Boydell, after Sir William Beechey
mezzotint, published 9 January 1806
NPG D38484

Horatio Nelson, by William Barnard, after  Lemuel Francis Abbott - NPG D38490

Horatio Nelson

by William Barnard, after Lemuel Francis Abbott
mezzotint, published 1 January 1806
NPG D38490

Horatio Nelson, by Henry Richard Cook, published by  C. Chapple, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D40901

Horatio Nelson

by Henry Richard Cook, published by C. Chapple, after Sir William Beechey
stipple engraving, published 12 April 1806
NPG D40901

Horatio Nelson, by Edward Scriven, after  Arthur William Devis - NPG D5337

Horatio Nelson

by Edward Scriven, after Arthur William Devis
stipple engraving, published 1806
NPG D5337

Horatio Nelson, by Edward Bell, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D17802

Horatio Nelson

by Edward Bell, after Sir William Beechey
mezzotint, published 1806
NPG D17802

Horatio Nelson, by Charles Turner, after  John Hoppner - NPG D17803

Horatio Nelson

by Charles Turner, after John Hoppner
mezzotint, published 1806
NPG D17803

Horatio Nelson, by Charles Knight, after  Anne Seymour Damer (née Conway) - NPG D17804

Horatio Nelson

by Charles Knight, after Anne Seymour Damer (née Conway)
stipple engraving, published 1806
NPG D17804

Apotheosis of Nelson (Horatio Nelson), by Charles Theodosius Heath, after  Benjamin West - NPG D13767

Apotheosis of Nelson (Horatio Nelson)

by Charles Theodosius Heath, after Benjamin West
line engraving, (1807)
NPG D13767

Horatio Nelson, by Thomas Burke, after  Simon de Koster - NPG D17799

Horatio Nelson

by Thomas Burke, after Simon de Koster
stipple engraving, published 1807
NPG D17799

Horatio Nelson, by J. Golding, after  Lemuel Francis Abbott - NPG D5330

Horatio Nelson

by J. Golding, after Lemuel Francis Abbott
line engraving, published 1808
NPG D5330

Horatio Nelson, by William Henry Worthington, after  Robert Bowyer - NPG D5332

Horatio Nelson

by William Henry Worthington, after Robert Bowyer
line engraving, published 1808
NPG D5332

Monument to Horatio Nelson, by Thomas Charles Wageman, published by  John Clark, published by and after  George Ballisat - NPG D38487

Monument to Horatio Nelson

by Thomas Charles Wageman, published by John Clark, published by and after George Ballisat
stipple engraving, published 1 April 1810
NPG D38487

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