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William Pitt (1759-1806), Prime Minister

Sitter associated with 167 portraits
Pitt dominated Parliament as Tory Prime Minister from 1783 to 1801 and 1804 to 1806. He restructured Britain's finances after the American Revolution and reformed the government of India in 1784. Pitt regarded the French Revolution as a foreign issue but began to worry that British radicals were in touch with French revolutionaries. After France declared war in 1793, he clamped down on domestic dissent with the first series of 'gagging acts'. In 1800 he arranged a Parliamentary union with Ireland but resigned in 1801 over George III's opposition to Catholics sitting in Parliament. Pitt's rivalry with Fox, his political and temperamental opposite, dominated Parliament for over twenty years.

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L146

The Death of the Earl of Chatham

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, 1779-1781
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L146

135a

William Pitt

by James Gillray
watercolour, 1789
NPG 135a

2103b

William Pitt

by Isaac Cruikshank
pencil, 1789-1790
NPG 2103b

745

The House of Commons 1793-94

by Karl Anton Hickel
oil on canvas, 1793-1795
On display at Palace of Westminster, London
NPG 745

697

William Pitt

studio of John Hoppner
oil on canvas, circa 1805 or later
NPG 697

L249

William Pitt

by John Hoppner
oil on canvas, 1805
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L249

1240

William Pitt

by Dominick Andrew Olivieri, after Joseph Nollekens
marble bust, 1823 (1806)
NPG 1240

120

William Pitt

by Joseph Nollekens
marble bust, 1808
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 120

1747

William Pitt

by Peter Rouw
wax medallion, 1809
NPG 1747

D7046

William Pitt

by Unknown artist
plaster cast of seal, late 18th-early 19th century
NPG D7046

D16358

William Pitt

after Unknown artist
etching, late 18th century
NPG D16358

D12302

'Aside he turn'd for envy, yet with jealous leer malign, eyd them askance'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 December 1782
NPG D12302

D12315

'Jove in his chair'

by James Gillray, published by Elizabeth d'Achery
hand-coloured etching, published 11 September 1782
NPG D12315

D12236

'Cicero in Catilinam'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching, published 17 March 1785
NPG D12236

D12993

'Westminster school. or - Dr Busby settling accounts with Master-Billy and his playmates'

by James Gillray, published by James Ridgway
hand-coloured etching, published 4 February 1785
NPG D12993

D13052

'A new way to pay the National-Debt'

by James Gillray, published by William Holland
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 21 April 1786
NPG D13052

D12356

'Anticipation, or the approaching fate of the French Commercial Treaty'

by James Gillray, published by William Holland
hand-coloured etching, published 1787?
NPG D12356

D12357

William Pitt ('The Minister endeavouring to eke out Dr Pr*ty***n's bisho-prick')

by James Gillray, published by R. Phillips
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published March 1787
NPG D12357

D12359

'The board of controul, or the blessings of a Scotch dictator'

by James Gillray, published by R. Phillips
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 March 1787
NPG D12359

D12362

'The Prince at Grasse'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 2 June 1787
NPG D12362

D12363

'The Prince in Clover'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 2 June 1787
NPG D12363

D12365

'The sick prince'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 16 June 1787
NPG D12365

D12994

'Dido forsaken'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 21 May 1787
NPG D12994

D13060

'Ancient music'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 10 May 1787
NPG D13060

D12373

'There's more ways than one' (Charles James Fox; William Pitt; Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 February 1788
NPG D12373

D12377

'Market day'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1788
NPG D12377

D12378

'The bow to the throne, - alias - the begging bow'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 6 May 1788
NPG D12378

D12381

'State-jugglers'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1788
NPG D12381

D12383

'-Coaches'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1788
NPG D12383

D12390

'Election-troops, bring in their accounts, to the pay-table' (Edward Topham; William Pitt)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 14 August 1788
NPG D12390

D12393

'A dish of mutton-chop's' (William Pitt; Warren Hastings; King George III; Edward Thurlow, Baron Thurlow)

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 28 March 1788
NPG D12393

D13065

'The installation-supper, as given at the Pantheon, by the Knights of the Bath on the 26th of May, 1788

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 4 June 1788
NPG D13065

D40236

William Pitt

by and published by John Keyse Sherwin, and published by Robert Wilkinson, after Thomas Gainsborough
line engraving, published 15 June 1789
NPG D40236

D4086

William Pitt

by James Gillray
line engraving, 1789
NPG D4086

D12395

William Pitt ('The vulture of the constitution')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 3 January 1789
NPG D12395

D12402

William Pitt

by James Gillray, published by John Harris
etching, published 9 April 1789
NPG D12402

D12403

William Pitt

by James Gillray, published by John Harris
etching, published 28 May 1789
NPG D12403

D12404

'The coward comforted, - or - a scene immediately after the duel'

by James Gillray, published by James Aitken
hand-coloured etching, published 29 May 1789
NPG D12404

D12406

'France freedom Britain slavery'

by James Gillray, published by James Aitken
hand-coloured etching, published 28 July 1789
NPG D12406

D13068

William Pitt

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
line engraving, published 20 February 1789
NPG D13068