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William Pitt

(1759-1806), Prime Minister

Sitter associated with 169 portraits
Pitt dominated Parliament as Tory Prime Minister from 1783 to 1801 and 1804 to 1806. He restructured Britain's finances after the American Revolution and reformed the government of India in 1784. Pitt regarded the French Revolution as a foreign issue but began to worry that British radicals were in touch with French revolutionaries. After France declared war in 1793, he clamped down on domestic dissent with the first series of 'gagging acts'. In 1800 he arranged a Parliamentary union with Ireland but resigned in 1801 over George III's opposition to Catholics sitting in Parliament. Pitt's rivalry with Fox, his political and temperamental opposite, dominated Parliament for over twenty years.

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William Pitt, by and published by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13067

William Pitt

by and published by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
line engraving, published 20 February 1789
NPG D13067

William Pitt, published by Robert Sayer, after  Isaac Cruikshank - NPG D3891

William Pitt

published by Robert Sayer, after Isaac Cruikshank
mezzotint, published 20 February 1790 (1789-1790)
NPG D3891

'John-Bull, baited by the dogs of excise', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12408

'John-Bull, baited by the dogs of excise'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 9 April 1790
NPG D12408

William Pitt, published by Robert Sayer, after  Isaac Cruikshank - NPG D18920

William Pitt

published by Robert Sayer, after Isaac Cruikshank
mezzotint, published 20 February 1790 (1789-1790)
NPG D18920

'Wierd sisters; ministers of darkness; minions of the moon', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12436

'Wierd sisters; ministers of darkness; minions of the moon'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 December 1791
NPG D12436

'Taming of the shrew : - Katharine & Petruchio : - the modern Quixotte, or what you will', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12416

'Taming of the shrew : - Katharine & Petruchio : - the modern Quixotte, or what you will'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 20 April 1791
NPG D12416

William Pitt ('An excrescence; - a fungus; - alias - a toad-stool upon a dung-hill'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12435

William Pitt ('An excrescence; - a fungus; - alias - a toad-stool upon a dung-hill')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 December 1791
NPG D12435

'The balance of power. - or - "The posterity of the immortal Chatham, turn'd posture master"', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13004

'The balance of power. - or - "The posterity of the immortal Chatham, turn'd posture master"'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 April 1791
NPG D13004

'The hopes of the party, prior to July 14th - "From such wicked Crown & Anchor dreams, good Lord deliver us"', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13074

'The hopes of the party, prior to July 14th - "From such wicked Crown & Anchor dreams, good Lord deliver us"'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 19 July 1791
NPG D13074

Death of the Earl of Chatham (includes William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham and 55 other sitters), by Francesco Bartolozzi, after  John Singleton Copley - NPG D18117

Death of the Earl of Chatham (includes William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham and 55 other sitters)

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after John Singleton Copley
line engraving, published 1791
NPG D18117

'A sphere, projecting against a plane' (William Pitt; Albinia, Countess of Buckinghamshire), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12438

'A sphere, projecting against a plane' (William Pitt; Albinia, Countess of Buckinghamshire)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 3 January 1792
NPG D12438

'Malagrida, driving post', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12441

'Malagrida, driving post'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and soft-ground etching, published 16 March 1792
NPG D12441

William Pitt ('The bottomless-Pitt'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12442

William Pitt ('The bottomless-Pitt')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 March 1792
NPG D12442

'The fall of the Wolsey of the woolsack', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12457

'The fall of the Wolsey of the woolsack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 24 May 1792
NPG D12457

'Sin, Death, and the Devil', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12458

'Sin, Death, and the Devil'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1792
NPG D12458

William Pitt ('John Bull bother'd; - or - the geese alarming the capitol'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12465

William Pitt ('John Bull bother'd; - or - the geese alarming the capitol')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 19 December 1792
NPG D12465

'The dagger scene; - or - the plot discover'd', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12467

'The dagger scene; - or - the plot discover'd'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 30 December 1792
NPG D12467

'Taking physick: - or - the news of shooting the King of Sweden!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13010

'Taking physick: - or - the news of shooting the King of Sweden!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 11 April 1792
NPG D13010

'Wha wants me?' (Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville; William Pitt), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13012

'Wha wants me?' (Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville; William Pitt)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 June 1792
NPG D13012

'A smoking club', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12470

'A smoking club'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 13 February 1793
NPG D12470

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