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William Pitt (1759-1806), Prime Minister

Sitter associated with 167 portraits
Pitt dominated Parliament as Tory Prime Minister from 1783 to 1801 and 1804 to 1806. He restructured Britain's finances after the American Revolution and reformed the government of India in 1784. Pitt regarded the French Revolution as a foreign issue but began to worry that British radicals were in touch with French revolutionaries. After France declared war in 1793, he clamped down on domestic dissent with the first series of 'gagging acts'. In 1800 he arranged a Parliamentary union with Ireland but resigned in 1801 over George III's opposition to Catholics sitting in Parliament. Pitt's rivalry with Fox, his political and temperamental opposite, dominated Parliament for over twenty years.

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D3891

William Pitt

published by Robert Sayer, after Isaac Cruikshank
mezzotint, published 20 February 1790 (1789-1790)
NPG D3891

D12408

'John-Bull, baited by the dogs of excise'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 9 April 1790
NPG D12408

D18920

William Pitt

published by Robert Sayer, after Isaac Cruikshank
mezzotint, published 20 February 1790 (1789-1790)
NPG D18920

D12436

'Wierd sisters; ministers of darkness; minions of the moon'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 December 1791
NPG D12436

D12416

'Taming of the shrew : - Katharine & Petruchio : - the modern Quixotte, or what you will'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 20 April 1791
NPG D12416

D12435

William Pitt ('An excrescence; - a fungus; - alias - a toad-stool upon a dung-hill')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 December 1791
NPG D12435

D13004

'The balance of power. - or - "The posterity of the immortal Chatham, turn'd posture master"'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 April 1791
NPG D13004

D13074

'The hopes of the party, prior to July 14th - "From such wicked Crown & Anchor dreams, good Lord deliver us"'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 19 July 1791
NPG D13074

D12438

'A sphere, projecting against a plane' (William Pitt; Albinia, Countess of Buckinghamshire)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 3 January 1792
NPG D12438

D12441

'Malagrida, driving post'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and soft-ground etching, published 16 March 1792
NPG D12441

D12442

William Pitt ('The bottomless-Pitt')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 March 1792
NPG D12442

D12457

'The fall of the Wolsey of the woolsack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 24 May 1792
NPG D12457

D12458

'Sin, Death, and the Devil'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1792
NPG D12458

D12465

William Pitt ('John Bull bother'd; - or - the geese alarming the capitol')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 19 December 1792
NPG D12465

D12467

'The dagger scene; - or - the plot discover'd'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 30 December 1792
NPG D12467

D13010

'Taking physick: - or - the news of shooting the King of Sweden!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 11 April 1792
NPG D13010

D13012

'Wha wants me?' (Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville; William Pitt)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 June 1792
NPG D13012

D12470

'A smoking club'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 13 February 1793
NPG D12470

D12474

'Dumourier dining in state at St James's, on the 15th of May, 1793

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 30 March 1793
NPG D12474