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William Pitt (1759-1806), Prime Minister

Sitter associated with 167 portraits
Pitt dominated Parliament as Tory Prime Minister from 1783 to 1801 and 1804 to 1806. He restructured Britain's finances after the American Revolution and reformed the government of India in 1784. Pitt regarded the French Revolution as a foreign issue but began to worry that British radicals were in touch with French revolutionaries. After France declared war in 1793, he clamped down on domestic dissent with the first series of 'gagging acts'. In 1800 he arranged a Parliamentary union with Ireland but resigned in 1801 over George III's opposition to Catholics sitting in Parliament. Pitt's rivalry with Fox, his political and temperamental opposite, dominated Parliament for over twenty years.

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D13018

'Presentation of the Mahometan credentials - or - the final resource of French atheists'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 26 December 1793
NPG D13018

D12484

'Pantagruel's victorious return to the court of Gargantua. After extirpating the soup-meagres of Bouille land'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 February 1794
NPG D12484

D12507

'Ministerial eloquence'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 January 1795
NPG D12507

D12519

'Patriotic regeneration, - viz. - Parliament reform'd, a la françois, - that is - honest men (ie - Opposition) in the seat of justice'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 2 March 1795
NPG D12519

D12525

'God save the King, - in a bumper. or - an evening scene, three times a week at Wimbleton'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 27 May 1795
NPG D12525

D12527

'John Bull ground down'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 June 1795
NPG D12527

D12528

'Presages of the millenium'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 4 June 1795
NPG D12528

D12531

William Pitt ('Blindmans-buff - or - too many for John Bull')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 June 1795
NPG D12531

D12541

William Pitt ('The British butcher, supplying John Bull with a substitute for bread')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 July 1795
NPG D12541

D12542

William Pitt ('The sleep-walker')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 November 1795
NPG D12542

D12543

'The Republican attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 November 1795
NPG D12543

D12545

'Hanging. Drowning'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 November 1795
NPG D12545

D12548

'The royal bull-fight'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 November 1795
NPG D12548

D12549

'Retribution; - tarring and feathering; - or - the patriots revenge'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 26 November 1795
NPG D12549

D12550

'The Crown and Anchor libel, burnt by the public hangman'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 28 November 1795
NPG D12550

D12551

'The death of the Great Wolf'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 17 December 1795
NPG D12551

D12552

'Substitutes for bread; - or - right honorables, saving the loaves, and dividing the fishes'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 24 December 1795
NPG D12552

D13083

'Light expelling darkness, - evaporation of stygian exhalations, - or - the sun of the constitution, rising superior to the clouds of opposition'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, soft-ground etching and engraving, published 30 April 1795
NPG D13083

D12579

'Promis'd horrors of the French invasion, - or - forcible reasons for negotiating a regicide peace'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 October 1796
NPG D12579