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Joseph Priestley

(1733-1804), Theologian and scientist

Sitter in 28 portraits
Chemist, renowned for his discovery of Oxygen. He also prepared various gases including ammonia, sulphur dioxide and carbon dioxide (hence the invention of soda water in 1772), as well as oxygen (1774). Priestley was a supporter of the French Revolution, and his radical social and religious views drove him to emigrate to America in 1794.

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Joseph Priestley, by Ellen Sharples, probably after  James Sharples - NPG 175

Joseph Priestley

by Ellen Sharples, probably after James Sharples
pastel, circa 1797
NPG 175

Joseph Priestley, by Ellen Sharples - NPG 2904

Joseph Priestley

by Ellen Sharples
pastel, circa 1797
NPG 2904

Joseph Priestley, by Phipson - NPG 175a

Joseph Priestley

by Phipson
white metal medal, 1804
NPG 175a

Joseph Priestley, by Thomas Halliday - NPG 175b

Joseph Priestley

by Thomas Halliday
bronze medal, 1804
NPG 175b

Joseph Priestley, by J. Partridge, after  Gilbert Stuart - NPG D13808

Joseph Priestley

by J. Partridge, after Gilbert Stuart
stipple engraving, late 18th century
NPG D13808

Joseph Priestley, by John Gregory Hancock - NPG D7057

Joseph Priestley

by John Gregory Hancock
white metal medal, 1783
NPG D7057

'The repeal of the test act a vision', by James Sayers, published by  Thomas Cornell - NPG D12254

'The repeal of the test act a vision'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching, published 16 February 1790
NPG D12254

'Mr Burke's pair of spectacles for short-sighted politicians', by James Sayers, published by  Thomas Cornell - NPG D9559

'Mr Burke's pair of spectacles for short-sighted politicians'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching and aquatint, published 12 May 1791
NPG D9559

'The hopes of the party, prior to July 14th - "From such wicked Crown & Anchor dreams, good Lord deliver us"', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13074

'The hopes of the party, prior to July 14th - "From such wicked Crown & Anchor dreams, good Lord deliver us"'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 19 July 1791
NPG D13074

'A Birmingham toast, as given on the 14th of July, by the - Revolution Society', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D13075

'A Birmingham toast, as given on the 14th of July, by the - Revolution Society'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 23 July 1791
NPG D13075

'Patriots amusing themselves; - or - Swedes practising at a post', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12449

'Patriots amusing themselves; - or - Swedes practising at a post'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 19 April 1792
NPG D12449

'Tom Paine's nightly pest' (Charles James Fox; Thomas Paine; Joseph Priestley), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12464

'Tom Paine's nightly pest' (Charles James Fox; Thomas Paine; Joseph Priestley)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 10 December 1792
NPG D12464

'Dumourier dining in state at St James's, on the 15th of May, 1793, by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12474

'Dumourier dining in state at St James's, on the 15th of May, 1793

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 30 March 1793
NPG D12474

'Presentation of the Mahometan credentials - or - the final resource of French atheists', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13018

'Presentation of the Mahometan credentials - or - the final resource of French atheists'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 26 December 1793
NPG D13018

'Blue and buff charity; - or - the patriarch of the Greek clergy applying for relief', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13081

'Blue and buff charity; - or - the patriarch of the Greek clergy applying for relief'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 June 1793
NPG D13081

'John Bull's sacrifice to Janus', by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12257

'John Bull's sacrifice to Janus'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching, published 17 March 1794
NPG D12257

'Copenhagen house', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12546

'Copenhagen house'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 November 1795
NPG D12546

Joseph Priestley, by and published by Thomas Holloway, published by  Robert Wilkinson, published by  Darling & Thompson, after  William Artaud - NPG D15373

Joseph Priestley

by and published by Thomas Holloway, published by Robert Wilkinson, published by Darling & Thompson, after William Artaud
line engraving, published 15 July 1795
NPG D15373

'A philosopher, - Conduit Street' (Joseph Priestley (in portrait); Adam Walker), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12590

'A philosopher, - Conduit Street' (Joseph Priestley (in portrait); Adam Walker)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 28 March 1796
NPG D12590

'Chemical Philosophers of the present Day' (Joseph Priestley; Antoine Lavoisier), by James Caldwall, after  John Opie, and after  Jacques Louis David, published by  Robert John Thornton - NPG D34359

'Chemical Philosophers of the present Day' (Joseph Priestley; Antoine Lavoisier)

by James Caldwall, after John Opie, and after Jacques Louis David, published by Robert John Thornton
line engraving and etching, published 1 May 1801
NPG D34359

Joseph Priestley, by Thomas Halliday - NPG D7056

Joseph Priestley

by Thomas Halliday
bronze medal, 1804
NPG D7056

Joseph Priestley, by Charles Turner, after  Henry Fuseli - NPG D3952

Joseph Priestley

by Charles Turner, after Henry Fuseli
mezzotint, published 1836
NPG D3952

Web image not currently available

Joseph Priestley

by and published by Thomas Holloway, published by Robert Wilkinson, published by Darling & Thompson, after William Artaud
line engraving, published 15 July 1795
NPG D19681

Web image not currently available

'A philosopher, - Conduit Street' (Joseph Priestley (in portrait); Adam Walker)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching, published 28 March 1796
NPG D14797

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