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Joseph Priestley (1733-1804), Theologian and scientist

Sitter in 27 portraits
Chemist, renowned for his discovery of Oxygen. He also prepared various gases including ammonia, sulphur dioxide and carbon dioxide (hence the invention of soda water in 1772), as well as oxygen (1774). Priestley was a supporter of the French Revolution, and his radical social and religious views drove him to emigrate to America in 1794.

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