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Sir Joshua Reynolds

(1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy

Sitter associated with 38 portraits
Artist associated with 1413 portraits
Reynolds was the first President of the Royal Academy and Britain's leading portrait painter. In his attempt to raise the status of portraiture, he created the 'Grand Manner' which borrowed from classical antiquity and the Old Masters to fill his portraits with moral and heroic symbolism. An incredible socialite, social climber and self-promoter, Reynolds used his contacts to advance himself. Appointed President of the newly established Royal Academy in 1768, his annual lectures - or Discourses on Art - had a lasting impact on the contemporary theory of art and practice.

Watch a film clip on the artist from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Sir Joshua Reynolds, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 41

Sir Joshua Reynolds

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1747-1749
NPG 41

Joseph Wilton, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 4810

Joseph Wilton

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1752
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4810

George Anson, 1st Baron Anson, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 518

George Anson, 1st Baron Anson

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, (1755)
NPG 518

William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 35

William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, (1755-1757)
NPG 35

Edward Boscawen, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 44

Edward Boscawen

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, (circa 1755)
On display at Hatchlands Park, Surrey
NPG 44

Sir William Chambers, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 27

Sir William Chambers

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1756
On display in Room 10 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 27

Samuel Johnson, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 1597

Samuel Johnson

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1756-1757
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1597

James Macardell, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 3123

James Macardell

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1756-1760
NPG 3123

George Bridges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 1398

George Bridges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, (1756-1759)
NPG 1398

Horace Walpole, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 6520

Horace Walpole

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1756-1757
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6520

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 625

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1758-1760
On display on Floor 2: Portraits Tell Stories at Beningbrough Hall
NPG 625

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 229

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, (circa 1758-1760)
On display at Provost Skene's House, Aberdeen, UK
NPG 229

John Manners, Marquess of Granby, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 1186

John Manners, Marquess of Granby

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
chalk, (circa 1759)
NPG 1186

Laurence Sterne, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 5019

Laurence Sterne

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1760
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5019

Georgiana Cavendish (née Spencer), Duchess of Devonshire, attributed to Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 1041

Georgiana Cavendish (née Spencer), Duchess of Devonshire

attributed to Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1761
On display on Floor 1: Lady Chesterfield's Room at Beningbrough Hall
NPG 1041

Augustus John Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, by William Silas Spanton, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 1835

Augustus John Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol

by William Silas Spanton, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1900 (1762-1763)
NPG 1835

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 2075

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, (circa 1762)
NPG 2075

Thomas Secker, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 850

Thomas Secker

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, (1764-1765)
On display in Room 11 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 850

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