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Sir Joshua Reynolds

(1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy

Sitter associated with 38 portraits
Artist associated with 1413 portraits
Reynolds was the first President of the Royal Academy and Britain's leading portrait painter. In his attempt to raise the status of portraiture, he created the 'Grand Manner' which borrowed from classical antiquity and the Old Masters to fill his portraits with moral and heroic symbolism. An incredible socialite, social climber and self-promoter, Reynolds used his contacts to advance himself. Appointed President of the newly established Royal Academy in 1768, his annual lectures - or Discourses on Art - had a lasting impact on the contemporary theory of art and practice.

Watch a film clip on the artist from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Joseph Wilton, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 4810

Joseph Wilton

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1752
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4810

George Anson, 1st Baron Anson, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 518

George Anson, 1st Baron Anson

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1755-1810, based on a work of 1755
On display at Captain Cook Memorial Museum, Whitby
NPG 518

William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 35

William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, possibly 19th century, based on a work of 1755-1757
NPG 35

Edward Boscawen, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 44

Edward Boscawen

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, based on a work of circa 1755
On display at Hatchlands Park, Guildford
NPG 44

James Macardell, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 3123

James Macardell

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1756-1760
NPG 3123

George Bridges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 1398

George Bridges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, possibly 18th century, based on a work of 1756-1759
NPG 1398

Horace Walpole, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 6520

Horace Walpole

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1756-1757
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6520

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 625

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1758-1760
NPG 625

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 229

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1760-1761, based on a work of circa 1758-1760
NPG 229

John Manners, Marquess of Granby, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 1186

John Manners, Marquess of Granby

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
chalk, before 1766, based on a work of circa 1760s
NPG 1186

Laurence Sterne, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 5019

Laurence Sterne

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1760
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5019

Augustus John Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, by William Silas Spanton, after  Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 1835

Augustus John Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol

by William Silas Spanton, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1900, based on a work of 1762-1763
NPG 1835

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 2075

Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, based on a work of circa 1762
NPG 2075

Thomas Secker, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 850

Thomas Secker

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, based on a work of circa 1764-1765
On display in Room 11 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 850

Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 5572

Augustus Keppel, Viscount Keppel

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1764-1765
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5572

Warren Hastings, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 4445

Warren Hastings

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1766-1768
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4445

Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 406

Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1768
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 406

Edmund Burke, studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 655

Edmund Burke

studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1769 or after
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 655

Oliver Goldsmith, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 828

Oliver Goldsmith

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1770-1830, based on a work of 1769-1770
NPG 828

Samuel Johnson, reduced copy after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 1445

Samuel Johnson

reduced copy after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, mid 19th century, based on a work of circa 1769
NPG 1445

Oliver Goldsmith, studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 130

Oliver Goldsmith

studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1770 or after
NPG 130

Sir Joseph Banks, Bt, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 5868

Sir Joseph Banks, Bt

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1771-1773
On display in Room 13 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5868

Anne Seymour Damer (née Conway), studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 594

Anne Seymour Damer (née Conway)

studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, based on a work of 1772-1773
On display at Bath Preservation Trust, Bath
NPG 594

James Macpherson, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 983

James Macpherson

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, based on a work of 1772
NPG 983

David Garrick; Eva Maria Garrick (née Veigel), by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 5375

David Garrick; Eva Maria Garrick (née Veigel)

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1772-1773
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5375

John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 3938

John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1773
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3938

Caleb Whitefoord, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 1400

Caleb Whitefoord

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, feigned oval, early 19th century, based on a work of circa 1773
NPG 1400

John Dunning, 1st Baron Ashburton, studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 102

John Dunning, 1st Baron Ashburton

studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, circa 1774
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 102

Sir William Chambers, after Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 3159

Sir William Chambers

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
ink and grey wash with touches of red crayon on paper, probably late 1770s
NPG 3159

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