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King Richard II

(1367-1400), Reigned 1377-99

Sitter associated with 33 portraits
The second son of Edward, Prince of Wales and Joan, Countess of Kent. Richard succeeded to the throne, aged ten, under the regency of his uncle John of Gaunt, on 22 June 1377 following the death of his grandfather, Edward III. He was criticised for misusing royal patronage and between 1386 and 1389 parliament gave government control to a group of noblemen. In 1397 the king took revenge, charging many noblemen with treason. In June 1399 Gaunt's son Henry Bolingbroke, whom Richard had previously exiled, invaded England. He claimed the throne as Henry IV on 30 September. Richard died in captivity on 14 February 1400. His reign became the subject of Shakespeare's play The Tragedy of King Richard the Second.

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King Richard II, by Elkington & Co, cast by  Domenico Brucciani, after  Nicholas Broker, and  Godfrey Prest - NPG 330

King Richard II

by Elkington & Co, cast by Domenico Brucciani, after Nicholas Broker, and Godfrey Prest
electrotype, 1873 (circa 1395-1397)
On display in Medieval stairs: North Stairs at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 330

King Richard II, by Unknown artist - NPG 565

King Richard II

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, 16th century
NPG 565

King Richard II, by Unknown artist - NPG 4980(8)

King Richard II

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, 1597-1618
On display in Room 1 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4980(8)

King Richard II, probably by William Faithorne - NPG D23718

King Richard II

probably by William Faithorne
line engraving, probably 17th century
NPG D23718

King Richard II, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D23715

King Richard II

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, 1618
NPG D23715

King Richard II, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after  Unknown artist - NPG D9386

King Richard II

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1618
NPG D9386

King Richard II, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D23717

King Richard II

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, 1638
NPG D23717

King Richard II, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after  Unknown artist - NPG D9387

King Richard II

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1638 (1618)
NPG D9387

King Richard II, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after  Unknown artist - NPG D9391

King Richard II

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1638 (1618)
NPG D9391

The Wilton Diptych (King Richard II), by Wenceslaus Hollar, after  Unknown artist - NPG D9392

The Wilton Diptych (King Richard II)

by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Unknown artist
etching, 1639
NPG D9392

The Wilton Diptych (King Richard II), by Wenceslaus Hollar, after  Unknown artist - NPG D17881

The Wilton Diptych (King Richard II)

by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Unknown artist
etching, 1639
NPG D17881

The Wilton Diptych (relates to Richard II), by Wenceslaus Hollar, after  Unknown artist - NPG D17882

The Wilton Diptych (relates to Richard II)

by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Unknown artist
etching, 1639
NPG D17882

King Richard II, probably by William Faithorne - NPG D22805

King Richard II

probably by William Faithorne
line engraving, circa 1640
NPG D22805

King Richard II, by Hall - NPG D23720

King Richard II

by Hall
line engraving, probably 18th century
NPG D23720

King Richard II, by Peter Vanderbank (Vandrebanc), after  Edward Lutterell (Luttrell) - NPG D23719

King Richard II

by Peter Vanderbank (Vandrebanc), after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell)
line engraving, 1706
NPG D23719

King Richard II, by George Vertue - NPG D23713

King Richard II

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1718
NPG D23713

King Richard II, by John Carwitham, after  Unknown artist - NPG D33902

King Richard II

by John Carwitham, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
NPG D33902

The Sovereigns of England, part 1, by John Carwitham, printed and published by  Richard Caldwell, after  Unknown artist - NPG D34141

The Sovereigns of England, part 1

by John Carwitham, printed and published by Richard Caldwell, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
NPG D34141

King Richard II and Anne of Bohemia, by John Goldar, after  Hubert-François Gravelot (né Bourguignon) - NPG D23721

King Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

by John Goldar, after Hubert-François Gravelot (né Bourguignon)
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D23721

King Richard II, by John Faber Jr - NPG D19785

King Richard II

by John Faber Jr
mezzotint, circa 1731
NPG D19785

King Richard II, by George Vertue - NPG D23712

King Richard II

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1732
NPG D23712

King Richard II, by George Vertue, after  Unknown artist - NPG D9388

King Richard II

by George Vertue, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1732
NPG D9388

King Richard II, by George Vertue, after  Unknown artist - NPG D9389

King Richard II

by George Vertue, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1732
NPG D9389

King Richard II, by George Vertue, after  Unknown artist - NPG D19630

King Richard II

by George Vertue, after Unknown artist
engraving, engraved 1735
NPG D19630

King Richard II, by George Vertue - NPG D23714

King Richard II

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1745
NPG D23714

King Richard II, probably after William Faithorne - NPG D33900

King Richard II

probably after William Faithorne
etching, late 18th-early 19th century? (early 1640s)
NPG D33900

King Richard II, by William Bromley, after  Robert Smirke - NPG D23716

King Richard II

by William Bromley, after Robert Smirke
line engraving, early 19th century
NPG D23716

Web image not currently available

King Richard II

probably after William Faithorne
etching, late 18th-early 19th century? (early 1640s)
NPG D33901

Web image not currently available

'Statues in the New Palace at Westminster'

published by Illustrated London News
wood engraving, published 10 February 1855
NPG D47365

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