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King Richard II (1367-1400), Reigned 1377-99

Sitter associated with 32 portraits
The second son of Edward, Prince of Wales and Joan, Countess of Kent, Richard became King of England, aged ten, on 22 June 1377 following the death of his grandfather, Edward III. He was criticised for misusing royal patronage and between 1386 and 1389 parliament gave government control to a group of noblemen. Eight years of stability followed but in 1397 the king took revenge, charging many noblemen with treason. In June 1399 Henry Bolingbroke, whom Richard had previously exiled, invaded England. He claimed the throne as Henry IV on 30 September. Richard died in captivity on 14 February 1400. His reign became the subject of Shakespeare's play The Tragedy of King Richard the Second.

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D33902

King Richard II

by John Carwitham, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
NPG D33902

D34141

The Sovereigns of England, part 1

by John Carwitham, printed and published by Richard Caldwell, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, circa 1723-1741
NPG D34141

D23721

King Richard II and Anne of Bohemia

by John Goldar, after Hubert-François Gravelot (né Bourguignon)
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D23721

D19785

King Richard II

by John Faber Jr
mezzotint, circa 1731
NPG D19785

D23712

King Richard II

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1732
NPG D23712

D9388

King Richard II

by George Vertue, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1732
NPG D9388

D9389

King Richard II

by George Vertue, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1732
NPG D9389

D19630

King Richard II

by George Vertue, after Unknown artist
engraving, engraved 1735
NPG D19630

D23714

King Richard II

by George Vertue
line engraving, 1745
NPG D23714

D33900

King Richard II

probably after William Faithorne
etching, late 18th-early 19th century? (early 1640s)
NPG D33900

D23716

King Richard II

by William Bromley, after Robert Smirke
line engraving, early 19th century
NPG D23716

D33901

King Richard II

probably after William Faithorne
etching, late 18th-early 19th century? (early 1640s)
NPG D33901