King Richard III(1452-1485), Reigned 1483-85
Sitter associated with 25 portraits
Richard III was the last king of England of the royal house of York. He was a staunch supporter of his elder brother Edward IV against the Lancastrians. However, after Edward's death he steadily assumed power during the minority of Edward V, and was crowned king in his place. He was killed at the battle of Bosworth Field by the army of Henry Tudor, later Henry VII. When in 1483 Edward and his brother the Duke of York disappeared from the Tower of London it was rumoured that Richard had slain the boys.He was famously depicted by Shakespeare as 'Crookback' but contemporary evidence of his physical appearance is not conclusive.
Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below
probably by William Faithorne, published by Sir Robert Peake
by John Carwitham, printed and published by Richard Caldwell, after Unknown artist