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Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton (1874-1922), Antarctic explorer

Sitter in 14 portraits
Polar explorer. Born at Kilkee, Ireland, Shackleton was a junior officer on Discovery on the National Antarctic Expedition under Captain Scott in 1901. His own expedition in Nimrod (1907-9) succeeded in reaching the South Magnetic Pole and scaling Mount Erebus. In 1914 he commanded the Trans-Antarctic Expedition in Endurance. When the ship was crushed by ice, using sledges and boats he guided its company 200 miles to safety. He and five companions then sailed a further 800 miles in a small boat to the island of South Georgia to find rescue. He died in South Georgia.