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Jan Christian Smuts (1870-1950), Prime Minister of South Africa, Field Marshal and writer on evolution

Sitter in 35 portraits
Born in Cape Colony, South Africa; graduated from the University of the Cape of Good Hope in 1891; then read law at Christ's College, Cambridge; successfully passed the honours examination of the inns of court by the middle of 1895; returned to South Africa and became involved in politics; appointed state attorney in 1898; played a critical role in the events that led to the outbreak of the South African War; participated in the negotiations that concluded the Boer War in 1902 and created the Union of South Africa in 1910; joined the British War Cabinet after attending the Imperial Conference of 1917; on his return to South Africa, Smuts became prime minister until 1924 and then again from 1939 to 1948.

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4187

Jan Christian Smuts

by John Singer Sargent
oil on canvas, circa 1919-1922
On display in Room 30 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4187

1954

General Officers of World War I

by John Singer Sargent
oil on canvas, 1922
On display in Room 30 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1954

4645

Jan Christian Smuts

by Sir William Rothenstein
sanguine and white chalk, 1923
NPG 4645

P490(72)

Jan Christian Smuts

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1943
NPG P490(72)

4004

Jan Christian Smuts

by Moses Kottler
bronze bust, 1949
NPG 4004

x137204

'The Imperial War Conference'

possibly by Lafayette (Lafayette Ltd), for Topical Press
vintage print, March-April 1917
NPG x137204

x82123

Jan Christian Smuts

by Elliott & Fry
half-plate copy negative, 1942 (1917)
NPG x82123

x32125

The Imperial War Cabinet

by Vandyk
negative, 25 June 1918
NPG x32125

x84807

Jan Christian Smuts

by Bassano Ltd
vintage print, 1919
NPG x84807

x16774

Jan Christian Smuts

copy by Bassano Ltd
whole-plate glass negative, 15 November 1923
NPG x16774

x84808

Jan Christian Smuts

by Bassano Ltd
vintage print, 1947
NPG x84808

x91647

Jan Christian Smuts

by Elliott & Fry
vintage print
NPG x91647

x91648

Jan Christian Smuts

by Elliott & Fry
vintage print
NPG x91648

x91651

Jan Christian Smuts

by Elliott & Fry
vintage print
NPG x91651

x91653

Jan Christian Smuts

by Elliott & Fry
vintage print
NPG x91653

x82006

Jan Christian Smuts

by Elliott & Fry
half-plate negative
NPG x82006

x197673

'Defenders of Our Empire'

published by James Valentine & Sons Ltd, after Swaine, and Langfier Ltd, and Alexander Bassano, and Sport & General Press Agency Ltd, and James Russell & Sons
vintage postcard print, 1911 or after
NPG x197673

x91652

Jan Christian Smuts

by Elliott & Fry
vintage print, 1916
NPG x91652

x185373

Jan Christian Smuts

by Walter Stoneman
bromide print, 1917
NPG x185373

x29046

Jan Christian Smuts

by Vandyk
glass negative, 30 June 1919
NPG x29046

x185374

Jan Christian Smuts

by Walter Stoneman
bromide print, 1931
NPG x185374

x22651

Jan Christian Smuts

by Howard Coster
half-plate film negative, 1940
NPG x22651

x22652

Jan Christian Smuts

by Howard Coster
half-plate film negative, 1940
NPG x22652

x22653

Jan Christian Smuts

by Howard Coster
half-plate film negative, 1940
NPG x22653

x91649

Jan Christian Smuts

by Elliott & Fry
vintage print, 1942
NPG x91649

x91650

Jan Christian Smuts

by Elliott & Fry
vintage print, 1942
NPG x91650

x82092

Jan Christian Smuts

by Elliott & Fry
half-plate negative, 1942
NPG x82092

x21966

Jan Christian Smuts

by Walter Stoneman
bromide print, November 1947
NPG x21966

x189231

Jan Christian Smuts

by Walter Stoneman
half-plate glass negative, November 1947
NPG x189231

x21168

Jan Christian Smuts

by Elliott & Fry
half-plate glass negative, 17 April 1947
NPG x21168

D41792

Jan Christian Smuts

after Francis Dodd
four-colour halftone, (11 May 1917)
NPG D41792