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Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope

(1753-1816), Scientist and politician; MP for Wycombe

Sitter associated with 46 portraits
Politician, scientist and leading member of the reforming London Revolution Society 1788-91. Stanhope laid out the Society's principles, which asserted that all civil and political authority derived from the people, that the abuse of power justified resistance and that trial by jury, freedom of the press and freedom of elections should always be held sacred. He was satirised in popular prints as 'Citizen Stanhope' because of his democratic principles but the society, though shortlived, was influential in framing Britain's reaction to the French Revolution.

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The Death of the Earl of Chatham, by John Singleton Copley - NPG L146

The Death of the Earl of Chatham

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, 1779-1781
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L146

Men of Science Living in 1807-8, by Sir John Gilbert, and  Frederick John Skill, and  William Walker, and  Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds) - NPG 1075

Men of Science Living in 1807-8

by Sir John Gilbert, and Frederick John Skill, and William Walker, and Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds)
pencil and wash, 1858-1862
NPG 1075

Engraving after 'Men of Science Living in 1807-8', by George Zobel, and  William Walker - NPG 1075a

Engraving after 'Men of Science Living in 1807-8'

by George Zobel, and William Walker
engraving, 1862
NPG 1075a

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope, by Thomas Watson, published by  Walter Shropshire, after  Antoine Daniel Prud'homme - NPG D32257

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope

by Thomas Watson, published by Walter Shropshire, after Antoine Daniel Prud'homme
mezzotint, published 1 November 1775
NPG D32257

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope, by Thomas Watson, after  Antoine Daniel Prud'homme - NPG D9146

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope

by Thomas Watson, after Antoine Daniel Prud'homme
mezzotint, published 1775
NPG D9146

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope, by James Sayers, published by  Charles Bretherton - NPG D9950

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope

by James Sayers, published by Charles Bretherton
etching, published 17 June 1782
NPG D9950

'Frontispiece to the 2d Edition of Ld St....e's Observations on Mr Pitt's Plans of Finance', by James Sayers, published by  Thomas Cornell - NPG D6871

'Frontispiece to the 2d Edition of Ld St....e's Observations on Mr Pitt's Plans of Finance'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching and aquatint, published 29 May 1786
NPG D6871

'Frontispiece to the 2d Edition of Ld St....e's Observations on Mr Pitt's Plans of Finance', by James Sayers, published by  Thomas Cornell - NPG D9951

'Frontispiece to the 2d Edition of Ld St....e's Observations on Mr Pitt's Plans of Finance'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching and aquatint, published 29 May 1786
NPG D9951

'The repeal of the test act a vision', by James Sayers, published by  Thomas Cornell - NPG D12254

'The repeal of the test act a vision'

by James Sayers, published by Thomas Cornell
etching, published 16 February 1790
NPG D12254

Death of the Earl of Chatham (includes William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham and 55 other sitters), by Francesco Bartolozzi, after  John Singleton Copley - NPG D18117

Death of the Earl of Chatham (includes William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham and 55 other sitters)

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after John Singleton Copley
line engraving, published 1791
NPG D18117

'Blue and buff charity; - or - the patriarch of the Greek clergy applying for relief', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13081

'Blue and buff charity; - or - the patriarch of the Greek clergy applying for relief'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 June 1793
NPG D13081

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope ('Anacharsis Cloots'), by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D9954

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope ('Anacharsis Cloots')

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
soft-ground etching, published 12 May 1794
NPG D9954

'John Bull's sacrifice to Janus', by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12257

'John Bull's sacrifice to Janus'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching, published 17 March 1794
NPG D12257

'The noble sans-culotte', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12487

'The noble sans-culotte'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 3 May 1794
NPG D12487

'The eruption of the mountain, - or - the horrors of the 'Bocca del Inferno', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12490

'The eruption of the mountain, - or - the horrors of the 'Bocca del Inferno'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 25 July 1794
NPG D12490

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope ('The St.....e a Republican gunboat'), by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D9953

Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope ('The St.....e a Republican gunboat')

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching, published 14 April 1795
NPG D9953

'French invasion upon Dutch bottoms', by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12260

'French invasion upon Dutch bottoms'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 14 April 1795
NPG D12260

'The genius of France triumphant, - or - Britannia petitioning for peace', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12517

'The genius of France triumphant, - or - Britannia petitioning for peace'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 2 February 1795
NPG D12517

'Patriotic regeneration, - viz. - Parliament reform'd, a la françois, - that is - honest men (ie - Opposition) in the seat of justice', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12519

'Patriotic regeneration, - viz. - Parliament reform'd, a la françois, - that is - honest men (ie - Opposition) in the seat of justice'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 2 March 1795
NPG D12519

'The prophet of Hebrews, - the prince of peace - conducting the Jews to the promis'd-land', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12520

'The prophet of Hebrews, - the prince of peace - conducting the Jews to the promis'd-land'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 March 1795
NPG D12520

'Presages of the millenium', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12528

'Presages of the millenium'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 4 June 1795
NPG D12528

'The Republican attack', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12543

'The Republican attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 November 1795
NPG D12543

'The royal bull-fight', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12548

'The royal bull-fight'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 November 1795
NPG D12548

'Light expelling darkness, - evaporation of stygian exhalations, - or - the sun of the constitution, rising superior to the clouds of opposition', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13083

'Light expelling darkness, - evaporation of stygian exhalations, - or - the sun of the constitution, rising superior to the clouds of opposition'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, soft-ground etching and engraving, published 30 April 1795
NPG D13083

'Promis'd horrors of the French invasion, - or - forcible reasons for negotiating a regicide peace', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12579

'Promis'd horrors of the French invasion, - or - forcible reasons for negotiating a regicide peace'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 October 1796
NPG D12579

'Democratic levelling; - alliance a la françoise; - or - the union of the coronet and clyster-pipe', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12560

'Democratic levelling; - alliance a la françoise; - or - the union of the coronet and clyster-pipe'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 4 March 1796
NPG D12560

'The tree of liberty must be planted immediately!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12598

'The tree of liberty must be planted immediately!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 February 1797
NPG D12598

'Bank-notes, - paper-money, - French-alarmists, - o, the devil, the devil! - ah! poor John Bull!!!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12601

'Bank-notes, - paper-money, - French-alarmists, - o, the devil, the devil! - ah! poor John Bull!!!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 March 1797
NPG D12601

'Les membres du Conseil des Cinq Cents', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12637

'Les membres du Conseil des Cinq Cents'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 April 1798
NPG D12637

'Meeting of the monied interest', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12672

'Meeting of the monied interest'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 13 December 1798
NPG D12672

'Exhibition of a democratic-transparency, - with its effect upon patriotic feelings', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13096

'Exhibition of a democratic-transparency, - with its effect upon patriotic feelings'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 15 April 1799
NPG D13096

'The Union Club', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12754

'The Union Club'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 January 1801
NPG D12754

'Political dreamings! - Visions of peace! - Perspective horrors!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12769

'Political dreamings! - Visions of peace! - Perspective horrors!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 November 1801
NPG D12769

'Scientific researches! - new discoveries in pneumaticks! - or - an experimental lecture on the powers of air', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13036

'Scientific researches! - new discoveries in pneumaticks! - or - an experimental lecture on the powers of air'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 23 May 1802
NPG D13036

storming Heaven; - with, the gods alarmed for their everlasting-abodes', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13106

storming Heaven; - with, the gods alarmed for their everlasting-abodes'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 1 May 1804
NPG D13106

'The guardian-angel', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12842

'The guardian-angel'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 22 April 1805
NPG D12842

'Bruin in his boat, - or - the manager in distress', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12869

'Bruin in his boat, - or - the manager in distress'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 June 1806
NPG D12869

'Sketch for a monument of disappointed-justice', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12870

'Sketch for a monument of disappointed-justice'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 July 1806
NPG D12870

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

'Phaeton alarm'd!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13115

'Phaeton alarm'd!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 22 March 1808
NPG D13115

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