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Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope (1753-1816), Scientist and politician; MP for Wycombe

Sitter associated with 45 portraits
Politician, scientist and leading member of the reforming London Revolution Society 1788-91. Stanhope laid out the Society's principles, which asserted that all civil and political authority derived from the people, that the abuse of power justified resistance and that trial by jury, freedom of the press and freedom of elections should always be held sacred. He was satirised in popular prints as 'Citizen Stanhope' because of his democratic principles but the society, though shortlived, was influential in framing Britain's reaction to the French Revolution.