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John Horne Tooke (1736-1812), Radical politician; MP and philologist

Sitter associated with 49 portraits
The radical politician Horne Tooke was an ardent campaigner for liberty and parliamentary reform. He helped establish 'The Society for Supporting the Bill of Rights', and was instrumental in organising the distribution of Thomas Paine's The Rights of Man in 1791. In 1794 he was wrongly accused of planning an uprising and imprisoned in the Tower of London. William Godwin's written attack against the charge of high treason was widely read and seen as decisive to Horne Tooke's eventual acquittal. Horne Tooke also achieved widespread acclaim for the Diversions of Purley (1786 and 1805), a major two-volume work of philology, the study of ancient texts and languages.

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13

John Horne Tooke

by Thomas Hardy
oil on canvas, before 1791
On display in Room 18 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 13

316a(122)

John Horne Tooke

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
ink and pencil, circa 1810
NPG 316a(122)

6727

John Horne Tooke

by John Raphael Smith
pastel, exhibited 1811
NPG 6727

D37522

John Glynn; John Wilkes; John Horne Tooke

by Richard Houston, published by Robert Sayer, published by John Smith of Cheapside
mezzotint, published 1769
NPG D37522

D6960

John Horne Tooke

by Anker Smith, after Thomas Hardy
line engraving, published 1791
NPG D6960

D13074

'The hopes of the party, prior to July 14th - "From such wicked Crown & Anchor dreams, good Lord deliver us"'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 19 July 1791
NPG D13074

D13075

'A Birmingham toast, as given on the 14th of July, by the - Revolution Society'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 23 July 1791
NPG D13075

D20219

John Horne Tooke

by Anker Smith, after Thomas Hardy
line engraving, published 1791
NPG D20219

D13081

'Blue and buff charity; - or - the patriarch of the Greek clergy applying for relief'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 June 1793
NPG D13081

D7051

John Horne Tooke

by Unknown artist
token, 1794
NPG D7051

D7052

John Horne Tooke

by Unknown artist
token, 1794
NPG D7052

D6961

John Horne Tooke

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1795
NPG D6961

D12598

'The tree of liberty must be planted immediately!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 February 1797
NPG D12598

D15627

'The delegates in council or beggars on horseback'

by Isaac Cruikshank, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1797
NPG D15627

D12633

'Search-night; - or - state-watchmen mistaking honest-men for conspirators'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 March 1798
NPG D12633

D12639

John Horne Tooke ('Président d'Administration Municipale')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured stipple and etching, published 18 April 1798
NPG D12639

D12640

John Horne Tooke ('Président d'Administration Municipale')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured stipple and etching, published 18 April 1798
NPG D12640

D12669

'Two pair of portraits'

by James Gillray, published by John Wright
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 1 December 1798
NPG D12669

D12672

'Meeting of the monied interest'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 13 December 1798
NPG D12672