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John Horne Tooke (1736-1812), Radical politician; MP and philologist

Sitter associated with 49 portraits
The radical politician Horne Tooke was an ardent campaigner for liberty and parliamentary reform. He helped establish 'The Society for Supporting the Bill of Rights', and was instrumental in organising the distribution of Thomas Paine's The Rights of Man in 1791. In 1794 he was wrongly accused of planning an uprising and imprisoned in the Tower of London. William Godwin's written attack against the charge of high treason was widely read and seen as decisive to Horne Tooke's eventual acquittal. Horne Tooke also achieved widespread acclaim for the Diversions of Purley (1786 and 1805), a major two-volume work of philology, the study of ancient texts and languages.

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13

John Horne Tooke

by Thomas Hardy
oil on canvas, before 1791
On display in Room 18 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 13

316a(122)

John Horne Tooke

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
ink and pencil, circa 1810
NPG 316a(122)

6727

John Horne Tooke

by John Raphael Smith
pastel, exhibited 1811
NPG 6727

D37522

John Glynn; John Wilkes; John Horne Tooke

by Richard Houston, published by Robert Sayer, published by John Smith of Cheapside
mezzotint, published 1769
NPG D37522

D6960

John Horne Tooke

by Anker Smith, after Thomas Hardy
line engraving, published 1791
NPG D6960

D13074

'The hopes of the party, prior to July 14th - "From such wicked Crown & Anchor dreams, good Lord deliver us"'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 19 July 1791
NPG D13074

D13075

'A Birmingham toast, as given on the 14th of July, by the - Revolution Society'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 23 July 1791
NPG D13075

D20219

John Horne Tooke

by Anker Smith, after Thomas Hardy
line engraving, published 1791
NPG D20219

D13081

'Blue and buff charity; - or - the patriarch of the Greek clergy applying for relief'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 12 June 1793
NPG D13081

D7051

John Horne Tooke

by Unknown artist
token, 1794
NPG D7051

D7052

John Horne Tooke

by Unknown artist
token, 1794
NPG D7052

D6961

John Horne Tooke

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1795
NPG D6961

D12598

'The tree of liberty must be planted immediately!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 February 1797
NPG D12598

D15627

'The delegates in council or beggars on horseback'

by Isaac Cruikshank, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 9 June 1797
NPG D15627

D12633

'Search-night; - or - state-watchmen mistaking honest-men for conspirators'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 March 1798
NPG D12633

D12639

John Horne Tooke ('Président d'Administration Municipale')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured stipple and etching, published 18 April 1798
NPG D12639

D12640

John Horne Tooke ('Président d'Administration Municipale')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured stipple and etching, published 18 April 1798
NPG D12640

D12669

'Two pair of portraits'

by James Gillray, published by John Wright
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 1 December 1798
NPG D12669

D12672

'Meeting of the monied interest'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 13 December 1798
NPG D12672

D13687

'"Two pair of portraits'"

by James Gillray, published by John Wright
etching and engraving, published 1 December 1798
NPG D13687

D12677

'A charm for a democracy, reviewed, analysed, & destroyed Jany 1st 1799 to the confusion of its affiliated friends'

by Thomas Rowlandson, published by James Whittle
hand-coloured etching, published 1 February 1799
NPG D12677

D15134

John Horne Tooke

published by C. Dyer, after Henry James Richter
stipple engraving, circa 1800
NPG D15134

D12758

'Political amusements for young gentlemen; - or - the Old Brentford shuttlecock, between Old Sarum, and the Temple of St Steevens'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and soft-ground etching, published 15 March 1801
NPG D12758

D12774

'Preparing for the grand attack, - or - a private rehearsal of "The ci-devant ministry in danger"'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 4 December 1801
NPG D12774

D12787

'Despair' (Richard Bateman Robson; John Horne Tooke; Thomas Tyrwhitt Jones; Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Bt)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 8 April 1802
NPG D12787

D13107

'L'assemblée nationale: - or - grand cooperation meeting at St Ann's Hill'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 June 1804
NPG D13107

D13108

'Middlesex-election. 1804'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 7 August 1804
NPG D13108

D12861

' - "More pigs than teats", - or - the new litter of hungry grunters, sucking John-Bull's-old-sow to death'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 5 March 1806
NPG D12861

D12881

'Triumphal procession of little-Paul-the taylor upon his new-goose'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 8 November 1806
NPG D12881

D13113

'Posting to the election, - a scene on the road to Brentford, Novr 1806'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 December 1806
NPG D13113

D12884

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 9 January 1807
NPG D12884

D12886

'A plumper for Paul! - or - the little taylor done over!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 13 March 1807
NPG D12886

D12891

'Election-candidates; - or - the Republican-goose at the top of the pole'

probably by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1807
NPG D12891

D12895

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 16 July 1807
NPG D12895