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Sir Henry Vane the Younger

(1613-1662), Revolutionary

Sitter associated with 14 portraits

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Unknown man, formerly known as Sir Henry Vane the Younger, attributed to Gilbert Soest - NPG 575

Unknown man, formerly known as Sir Henry Vane the Younger

attributed to Gilbert Soest
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1650
NPG 575

Sir Henry Vane the Younger, by William Faithorne - NPG D22965

Sir Henry Vane the Younger

by William Faithorne
line engraving, published 1662
NPG D22965

Sir Henry Vane the Younger, by William Faithorne - NPG D22966

Sir Henry Vane the Younger

by William Faithorne
line engraving, published 1662
NPG D22966

Sir Henry Vane the Younger, after Unknown artist - NPG D26927

Sir Henry Vane the Younger

after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 18th century
NPG D26927

Sir Henry Vane the Younger, by Jacobus Houbraken, after  Sir Peter Lely - NPG D26923

Sir Henry Vane the Younger

by Jacobus Houbraken, after Sir Peter Lely
line engraving, 1742
NPG D26923

Sir Henry Vane the Younger, by Charles Grignion - NPG D26924

Sir Henry Vane the Younger

by Charles Grignion
line engraving, 1757
NPG D26924

Oliver Cromwell and Charles II with their supporters, printed by H. Reynell - NPG D32633

Oliver Cromwell and Charles II with their supporters

printed by H. Reynell
woodcut, late 18th or early 19th century
NPG D32633

Oliver Cromwell dissolving the Long Parliament, by John Hall, after  Benjamin West - NPG D34360

Oliver Cromwell dissolving the Long Parliament

by John Hall, after Benjamin West
line engraving, published 1789 (1783)
NPG D34360

Sir Henry Vane the Younger, after Unknown artist, published by  Samuel Woodburn - NPG D26928

Sir Henry Vane the Younger

after Unknown artist, published by Samuel Woodburn
mezzotint, published 1811
NPG D26928

Sir Henry Vane the Younger, by Richard Earlom, after  Unknown artist - NPG D4561

Sir Henry Vane the Younger

by Richard Earlom, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 1811
NPG D4561

Sir Henry Vane the Younger, published by George Smeeton - NPG D26925

Sir Henry Vane the Younger

published by George Smeeton
stipple engraving, published 1 October 1814
NPG D26925

Sir Henry Vane the Younger, published by George Smeeton - NPG D26926

Sir Henry Vane the Younger

published by George Smeeton
stipple engraving, published 1814
NPG D26926

Web image not currently available

Sir Henry Vane the Younger

by Jacobus Houbraken, published by John & Paul Knapton, after Sir Peter Lely
line engraving, published 1742 (1742)
NPG D42932

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Laurie Pettitt

3 March 2017, 18:24

This man was quite amazing but there was one thing that sullied his otherwise amazing reputation. We'll deal with that Later.
There are a number of American writers about Vane, particularly in relation to his dealings with Roger Williams. Vane became Governor of Massachusetts at the age of 26. The Church in Boston had, as many people do given freedom of conscience, closed its doors and its mind to new thinking. Vane left Massachusetts in tears.
The next thing Vane was involoved in, and it was a shabby involvement, was in the trial of Strafford (Thomas Wentworth). It can only be called Skulduggery. Old Wentworth recalled a conversation. Young Wentworth first claimed to know nothing about it and later claimed to have seen a written note of Strafford offering to use his Irish Army to reduce England. It was never so. In closed council, Strafford had suggested using the Irish Army to reduce the quarrelsome Scots. Vane told porkies. Worse still, the porkies were in retaliation for Strafford claiming the title of Baron of Raby for his son; a title that the Vanes had been after for years.
Vane almost redeemed himself in his efforts in Parliament and his amazing ability to supply Cromwell's army on the move. THen..... He was part of the Parliament who had attempted to undo the Instrument of State (2 houses and a ruler) and put themselves into power infefinitely, replacing members, not by votes, but by their own selection (A bit like New Labour). Vane, a strong Republican never dropped the 'Sir' in his title, which always struck me as a bit 'iffy'. Later he became involved with the Looney Tune 5th Monarchists, expecting to rule England until the Second Coming.
Although not a Regicide, Vane was thought too dangerous to live and his 'Death' speech so concerned the Powers that be that they drowned him out with trumpets.
Hard to sum him up. But.... At heart, like us all, a good man with flaws.

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