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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

(1769-1852), Field Marshal and Prime Minister

Sitter associated with 437 portraits
The most famous soldier and statesman of his day, Wellington's early victories were in India and the Spanish Peninsula. In 1815, he was hailed as the man who achieved peace in Europe when he led the campaign to defeat Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. He later became leader of the Tory party and, as Prime Minister, from 1828-1830, he carried an important, if controversial, act that allowed Catholic emancipation in Britain. However, he was vigorously opposed to the recasting of electoral boroughs that led to the reform of the House of Commons and the slow spread of democracy. This resistance ended in the fall of the Tories and made way for Earl Grey's Whig government that eventually passed the Reform Bill in 1832.

More on Wellington: Curator Paul Cox on Wellington | Timeline | Did you know?

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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, after Robert Home - NPG 741

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

after Robert Home
watercolour and bodycolour on ivory, 1804
NPG 741

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Robert Home - NPG 1471

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Robert Home
oil on canvas, 1804
On display in Room 24 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1471

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Juan Bauzil (or Bauziel) - NPG 308

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Juan Bauzil (or Bauziel)
watercolour, 1812-1816
NPG 308

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Thomas Heaphy - NPG 1914(18)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Thomas Heaphy
watercolour, 1813
On display in Room 34 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1914(18)

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820, by Sir George Hayter - NPG 999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG 4670

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Sir Thomas Lawrence
chalk on canvas, circa 1820
NPG 4670

Possibly Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Sir George Hayter - NPG 2662(25)

Possibly Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Sir George Hayter
pencil and wash, circa 1820
NPG 2662(25)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Henry Pierce Bone, after  Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG 6297

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Henry Pierce Bone, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
enamel on copper, 1845 (exhibited 1822)
NPG 6297

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG 316a(127)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
pencil, 1822
NPG 316a(127)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG 316a(128)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
pencil, 1822-1839
NPG 316a(128)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG 316a(129)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
pencil, 1822
NPG 316a(129)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG 316a(130)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
pencil, 1822-1839
NPG 316a(130)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG 316a(131)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
pencil, 1822-1839
NPG 316a(131)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG 316a(132)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
pencil, 1822-1839
NPG 316a(132)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG 316a(133)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
pencil, 1822-1839
NPG 316a(133)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG 316a(134)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
pencil, 1822-1839
NPG 316a(134)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG 316a(136)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
pencil, 1822-1839
NPG 316a(136)

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG L257

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, 1829
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L257

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