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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

(1769-1852), Field Marshal and Prime Minister

Sitter associated with 438 portraits
The most famous soldier and statesman of his day, Wellington's early victories were in India and the Spanish Peninsula. In 1815, he was hailed as the man who achieved peace in Europe when he led the campaign to defeat Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. He later became leader of the Tory party and, as Prime Minister, from 1828-1830, he carried an important, if controversial, act that allowed Catholic emancipation in Britain. However, he was vigorously opposed to the recasting of electoral boroughs that led to the reform of the House of Commons and the slow spread of democracy. This resistance ended in the fall of the Tories and made way for Earl Grey's Whig government that eventually passed the Reform Bill in 1832.

More on Wellington: Curator Paul Cox on Wellington | Timeline | Did you know?

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Waterloo Medal, by Benedetto Pistrucci - NPG D7214

Waterloo Medal

by Benedetto Pistrucci
gutta-percha medal, 1849
NPG D7214

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Charles Edward Wagstaff, printed by  W. Hatton, published by  Thomas McLean, after  Benjamin Robert Haydon - NPG D37601

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Charles Edward Wagstaff, printed by W. Hatton, published by Thomas McLean, after Benjamin Robert Haydon
mezzotint, published 1 October 1852
NPG D37601

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, after Unknown artist - NPG D4729

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

after Unknown artist
lithograph, published 1852
NPG D4729

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by George Henry Phillips, after  John Simpson - NPG D13776

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by George Henry Phillips, after John Simpson
mezzotint, published 1852 (1836)
NPG D13776

The Funeral Procession of Arthur, Duke of Wellington, by Samuel Henry Gordon Alken, and by  George Augustus Sala, published by  Ackermann & Co - NPG D42981

The Funeral Procession of Arthur, Duke of Wellington

by Samuel Henry Gordon Alken, and by George Augustus Sala, published by Ackermann & Co
hand coloured etching and aquatint, 1 March 1853
NPG D42981

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by T.H. Ellis, after  F. Shephard - NPG D4730

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by T.H. Ellis, after F. Shephard
line engraving, published 1853
NPG D4730

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by George Baxter - NPG D7599

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by George Baxter
Baxter print, published 1853
NPG D7599

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by George Baxter - NPG D7600

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by George Baxter
Baxter print, published 1853
NPG D7600

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by George Baxter - NPG D7601

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by George Baxter
Baxter print, published 1853
NPG D7601

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by George Thomas Payne, published by  Henry Graves & Co, published by  John Finlay - NPG D37609

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by George Thomas Payne, published by Henry Graves & Co, published by John Finlay
mezzotint, published 20 November 1854
NPG D37609

The late Field Marshals of England; Wellington & Lord Raglan, crossing the Pyrenees, 1813, by William Greatbach, by  Robert Wallis, after  Thomas Jones Barker - NPG D13774

The late Field Marshals of England; Wellington & Lord Raglan, crossing the Pyrenees, 1813

by William Greatbach, by Robert Wallis, after Thomas Jones Barker
line engraving, published 1858 (originally published 1856)
NPG D13774

Sir Thomas Lawrence; Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (on reverse), by George Gammon Adams, after  Edward Hodges Baily, and after  Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG D2921

Sir Thomas Lawrence; Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (on reverse)

by George Gammon Adams, after Edward Hodges Baily, and after Sir Thomas Lawrence
bronze medal, 1860
NPG D2921

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by William Henry Mote, published by  Ackermann & Co, after  John Hayter - NPG D37607

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by William Henry Mote, published by Ackermann & Co, after John Hayter
stipple engraving, published 18 June 1868
NPG D37607

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, published by The Medici Society Ltd, after  Francisco de Goya - NPG D37581

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

published by The Medici Society Ltd, after Francisco de Goya
chromolithograph, published 1915 (1812-1814)
NPG D37581

Web image not currently available

Imperial Botany

probably by Charles Williams, published by William Naunton Jones
hand-coloured etching, published 1 March 1814
NPG D46372

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