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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

(1769-1852), Field Marshal and Prime Minister

Sitter associated with 437 portraits
The most famous soldier and statesman of his day, Wellington's early victories were in India and the Spanish Peninsula. In 1815, he was hailed as the man who achieved peace in Europe when he led the campaign to defeat Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. He later became leader of the Tory party and, as Prime Minister, from 1828-1830, he carried an important, if controversial, act that allowed Catholic emancipation in Britain. However, he was vigorously opposed to the recasting of electoral boroughs that led to the reform of the House of Commons and the slow spread of democracy. This resistance ended in the fall of the Tories and made way for Earl Grey's Whig government that eventually passed the Reform Bill in 1832.

More on Wellington: Curator Paul Cox on Wellington | Timeline | Did you know?

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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Henry Richard Cook, published by  Patrick Martin, after  William Haines - NPG D42964

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Henry Richard Cook, published by Patrick Martin, after William Haines
stipple engraving, published 31 October 1812
NPG D42964

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by A. Easto, published by  Josiah Boydell, after  Lawrence Gahagan - NPG D37588

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by A. Easto, published by Josiah Boydell, after Lawrence Gahagan
stipple engraving, published 17 August 1813 (April 1809)
NPG D37588

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by William Greatbach, after  William Salter - NPG D37602

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by William Greatbach, after William Salter
line engraving, after 1813
NPG D37602

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by James Heath, after  Edward Francisco Burney - NPG D34181

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by James Heath, after Edward Francisco Burney
line engraving, published 12 August 1814
NPG D34181

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by James Godby, published by  Edward Orme, after  Domenico Pellegrini - NPG D36022

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by James Godby, published by Edward Orme, after Domenico Pellegrini
stipple engraving, published 21 November 1814 (1809)
NPG D36022

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by and published by William Skelton, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D37583

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by and published by William Skelton, after Sir William Beechey
line engraving, published 1 December 1814
NPG D37583

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by and published by William Say, after  Thomas Phillips - NPG D7598

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by and published by William Say, after Thomas Phillips
mezzotint, published 8 November 1814 (1814)
NPG D7598

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by and published by William Say, after  Thomas Phillips - NPG D11325

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by and published by William Say, after Thomas Phillips
mezzotint, published 8 November 1814 (1814)
NPG D11325

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by E. Bocquet, after  John Taylor, after  Joseph Nollekens - NPG D37610

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by E. Bocquet, after John Taylor, after Joseph Nollekens
stipple engraving, published 1815
NPG D37610

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Unknown artist, published by  Richard Evans - NPG D4731

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Unknown artist, published by Richard Evans
hand coloured etching, published 29 July 1815
NPG D4731

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, after Unknown artist - NPG D4732

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1815
NPG D4732

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, after Unknown artist - NPG D4733

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1815
NPG D4733

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by R. Page - NPG D4728

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by R. Page
stipple engraving, published 1816
NPG D4728

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Charles Turner, after  Juan Bauzil (or Bauziel) - NPG D37592

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Charles Turner, after Juan Bauzil (or Bauziel)
hand-coloured mezzotint, published 1817
NPG D37592

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Henry Meyer, published by  T. Cadell & W. Davies, after  John Jackson, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D37605

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Henry Meyer, published by T. Cadell & W. Davies, after John Jackson, after Sir William Beechey
stipple engraving, published 27 August 1817
NPG D37605

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Henry Meyer, published by  T. Cadell & W. Davies, after  John Jackson, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG D15814

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Henry Meyer, published by T. Cadell & W. Davies, after John Jackson, after Sir William Beechey
stipple engraving, published 27 August 1817
NPG D15814

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington ('The Master General of the Ordinance'), by and published by Richard Dighton - NPG D13354

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington ('The Master General of the Ordinance')

by and published by Richard Dighton
hand-coloured etching, published August 1818
NPG D13354

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington ('The Master General of the Ordinance'), by and published by Richard Dighton, reissued by  Thomas McLean - NPG D13507

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington ('The Master General of the Ordinance')

by and published by Richard Dighton, reissued by Thomas McLean
etching, published August 1818
NPG D13507

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by William Bromley, after  Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG D13778

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by William Bromley, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
line engraving, published 1818 (1814)
NPG D13778

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