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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

(1769-1852), Field Marshal and Prime Minister

Sitter associated with 437 portraits
The most famous soldier and statesman of his day, Wellington's early victories were in India and the Spanish Peninsula. In 1815, he was hailed as the man who achieved peace in Europe when he led the campaign to defeat Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. He later became leader of the Tory party and, as Prime Minister, from 1828-1830, he carried an important, if controversial, act that allowed Catholic emancipation in Britain. However, he was vigorously opposed to the recasting of electoral boroughs that led to the reform of the House of Commons and the slow spread of democracy. This resistance ended in the fall of the Tories and made way for Earl Grey's Whig government that eventually passed the Reform Bill in 1832.

More on Wellington: Curator Paul Cox on Wellington | Timeline | Did you know?

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Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington ('The Master General of the Ordinance'), by and published by Richard Dighton, reissued by  Thomas McLean - NPG D4720

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington ('The Master General of the Ordinance')

by and published by Richard Dighton, reissued by Thomas McLean
hand-coloured etching, published August 1819
NPG D4720

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington ('The Master General of the Ordinance'), by and published by Richard Dighton, reissued by  Thomas McLean - NPG D4721

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington ('The Master General of the Ordinance')

by and published by Richard Dighton, reissued by Thomas McLean
hand-coloured etching, published August 1818
NPG D4721

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington ('The Master General of the Ordinance'), by and published by Richard Dighton, reissued by  Thomas McLean - NPG D4722

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington ('The Master General of the Ordinance')

by and published by Richard Dighton, reissued by Thomas McLean
etching, published August 1819
NPG D4722

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, after Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG D37606

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

after Sir Thomas Lawrence
mezzotint, (1820)
NPG D37606

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by and published by Thomas Stothard, printed by  McQueen & Co - NPG D37611

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by and published by Thomas Stothard, printed by McQueen & Co
etching, published 1 September 1820
NPG D37611

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by and published by Thomas Stothard, printed by  McQueen & Co - NPG D37612

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by and published by Thomas Stothard, printed by McQueen & Co
etching, published 1 September 1820
NPG D37612

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by and published by Thomas Stothard, printed by  McQueen & Co - NPG D37613

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by and published by Thomas Stothard, printed by McQueen & Co
etching, published 1 September 1820
NPG D37613

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by and published by Thomas Stothard, printed by  McQueen & Co - NPG D37614

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by and published by Thomas Stothard, printed by McQueen & Co
etching, published 1 September 1820
NPG D37614

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by and published by Thomas Stothard, printed by  McQueen & Co - NPG D37615

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by and published by Thomas Stothard, printed by McQueen & Co
etching, published 1 September 1820
NPG D37615

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Unknown artist - NPG D40301

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Unknown artist
pressed paper medallion, circa 1820s-1830s
NPG D40301

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, after Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG D4726

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

after Sir Thomas Lawrence
mezzotint, 1820s-1840s
NPG D4726

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Henry Richard Cook, after  Robert Scanlan - NPG D4727

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Henry Richard Cook, after Robert Scanlan
line engraving, 1820s-1840s
NPG D4727

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, after Unknown artist - NPG D7596

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

after Unknown artist
hand-coloured etching, mid 19th century
NPG D7596

Steward's Court of the Manor of Torre Devon, attributed to Theodore Lane, published by  George Humphrey - NPG D17911

Steward's Court of the Manor of Torre Devon

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published December 1820
NPG D17911

The Royal Extinguisher, or the King of Brobdingnag & the Lilliputians, by George Cruikshank, published by  George Humphrey - NPG D17902

The Royal Extinguisher, or the King of Brobdingnag & the Lilliputians

by George Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 7 April 1821
NPG D17902

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, by Mary Dawson Turner (née Palgrave), after  Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey - NPG D22604

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

by Mary Dawson Turner (née Palgrave), after Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey
etching, (1822)
NPG D22604

Field Marshall the Duke of Wellington KG &c &c Giving Orders to his Generals Previous to a General Action, by, published by and after Anker Smith, by  Thomas Heaphy, published by  Rudolph Ackermann - NPG D42614

Field Marshall the Duke of Wellington KG &c &c Giving Orders to his Generals Previous to a General Action

by, published by and after Anker Smith, by Thomas Heaphy, published by Rudolph Ackermann
line and stipple engraving, published 8 August 1822
On display in Room 34 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG D42614

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