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William Wilberforce (1759-1833), Philanthropist and reformer

Sitter associated with 32 portraits
An evangelical Christian and social reformer, Wilberforce dedicated himself to the 'suppression of the Slave Trade and the reformation of manners'. He entered Parliament in 1780 as a Tory MP and was the Parliamentary leader of the Abolition movement from 1787. After years of campaigning, Wilberforce's bill to end Britain's part in slave trading was passed to a standing ovation in 1807. A further act of 1833 provided for the emancipation of slaves in British colonies. Wilberforce was plagued by illness for most of his adult life developing ulcerative colitis in his 20s and a curvature of the spine in his 50s which resulted in him wearing a metal support to maintain his head position.

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'Bruin in his boat, - or - the manager in distress'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 June 1806
NPG D12869


William Wilberforce

by James Heath, published by William Finden, published by John Hatchard, published by William Russell, after John Russell
line engraving, published 1807
NPG D37511


'Pandora opening her box'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 22 February 1809
NPG D12917


'The life of William Cobbett - written by himself. No 6'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 29 September 1809
NPG D12929


William Wilberforce

by Henry Edridge, published by T. Cadell & W. Davies, after Giovanni Vendramini
stipple engraving, published 27 October 1809
NPG D15828


William Wilberforce

by Edward Scriven, published by and after Joseph Slater
stipple engraving, published 10 April 1816
NPG D37513


William Wilberforce

by William Say, after Joseph Slater
mezzotint, published 18 April 1820
NPG D11346


William Wilberforce

by William Say, published by and after Joseph Slater
mezzotint, published 18 April 1820
NPG D19023


William Wilberforce

by Samuel Cousins, after George Richmond
mezzotint, published 1834 (1833)
NPG D32192


Heroes of the Slave Trade Abolition

by Unknown artist
wood engraving, mid-late 19th century
NPG D9338


William Wilberforce

published by Kings Town Photocodes Limited, after George Richmond, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
photographic reproduction, circa 1983 (1828)
NPG D37510


The Milan Garland or Revels round the Vice Post

by Charles Williams, published by John Johnston
hand-coloured etching, published July 1820
NPG D46028

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