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Hon. William Windham

(1750-1810), Politician; Secretary at War

Sitter associated with 50 portraits
Windham was a follower of Edmund Burke who formed a short-lived 'Third Party', mainly of 'Burkeite' Whigs who were opposed to the Revolution. Because of his support for war with France, Pitt convinced Windham to switch sides and become Secretary for War (1794-1801) in the Tory Cabinet. Windham became loyal to Pitt, resigning with him over the King's refusal to allow Catholics to sit in Parliament. In 1803, however, Windham rejoined the 'Foxite' Whigs, repairing a long-standing political rift. Following the death of Pitt, Wyndham was appointed Secretary for War and Colonies in the 'Ministry of All the Talents' (1806) and introduced a plan for improving conditions in the armed forces.

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Hon. William Windham, by Sir Joshua Reynolds - NPG 704

Hon. William Windham

by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1787
NPG 704

The House of Commons 1793-94, by Karl Anton Hickel - NPG 745

The House of Commons 1793-94

by Karl Anton Hickel
oil on canvas, 1793-1795
NPG 745

Hon. William Windham, by Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG 38

Hon. William Windham

by Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, 1802-1803
NPG 38

'The impeachment', by James Sayers - NPG D12245

'The impeachment'

by James Sayers
etching, 1788?
NPG D12245

'Opposition-', by James Gillray, published by  Samuel William Fores - NPG D12382

'Opposition-'

by James Gillray, published by Samuel William Fores
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1788
NPG D12382

'Bubbles of opposition', by James Gillray - NPG D12385

'Bubbles of opposition'

by James Gillray
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 19 July 1788
NPG D12385

'The death of the Great Wolf', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12551

'The death of the Great Wolf'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 17 December 1795
NPG D12551

'Promis'd horrors of the French invasion, - or - forcible reasons for negotiating a regicide peace', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12579

'Promis'd horrors of the French invasion, - or - forcible reasons for negotiating a regicide peace'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 October 1796
NPG D12579

'End of the Irish invasion; - or - the destruction of the French armada', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12592

'End of the Irish invasion; - or - the destruction of the French armada'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 January 1797
NPG D12592

'Midas, transmuting all, into paper', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12603

'Midas, transmuting all, into paper'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 March 1797
NPG D12603

'Consequences of a successful French invasion, No 1, plate 1st', by and published by James Gillray - NPG D13086

'Consequences of a successful French invasion, No 1, plate 1st'

by and published by James Gillray
hand-coloured etching, published 1 March 1798
NPG D13086

'A charm for a democracy, reviewed, analysed, & destroyed Jany 1st 1799 to the confusion of its affiliated friends', by Thomas Rowlandson, published by  James Whittle - NPG D12677

'A charm for a democracy, reviewed, analysed, & destroyed Jany 1st 1799 to the confusion of its affiliated friends'

by Thomas Rowlandson, published by James Whittle
hand-coloured etching, published 1 February 1799
NPG D12677

'Political dreamings! - Visions of peace! - Perspective horrors!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12769

'Political dreamings! - Visions of peace! - Perspective horrors!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 9 November 1801
NPG D12769

Hon. William Windham, by Samuel William Reynolds, after  Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG D37054

Hon. William Windham

by Samuel William Reynolds, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
mezzotint, 1803-1835 (1803)
NPG D37054

Hon. William Windham, by and published by William Say, after  John Hoppner - NPG D37055

Hon. William Windham

by and published by William Say, after John Hoppner
mezzotint, published 2 May 1803
NPG D37055

Hon. William Windham, by William Say, after  John Hoppner - NPG D4861

Hon. William Windham

by William Say, after John Hoppner
mezzotint, published 1803
NPG D4861

Hon. William Windham, by Samuel William Reynolds, after  John Hoppner - NPG D37056

Hon. William Windham

by Samuel William Reynolds, after John Hoppner
mezzotint, published 1804
NPG D37056

Hon. William Windham, by and published by Samuel William Reynolds, sold by  William Freeman, after  John Hoppner - NPG D37057

Hon. William Windham

by and published by Samuel William Reynolds, sold by William Freeman, after John Hoppner
mezzotint, published 1804
NPG D37057

'Achitophel an old jew scribe lately turned Greek', by James Sayers, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12263

'Achitophel an old jew scribe lately turned Greek'

by James Sayers, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 11 July 1804
NPG D12263

'The state waggoner, and John Bull - or - the waggon too much for the donkeys!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12829

'The state waggoner, and John Bull - or - the waggon too much for the donkeys!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 14 March 1804
NPG D12829

storming Heaven; - with, the gods alarmed for their everlasting-abodes', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13106

storming Heaven; - with, the gods alarmed for their everlasting-abodes'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 1 May 1804
NPG D13106

'L'assemblée nationale: - or - grand cooperation meeting at St Ann's Hill', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13107

'L'assemblée nationale: - or - grand cooperation meeting at St Ann's Hill'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 June 1804
NPG D13107

'Uncorking old-sherry', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12841

'Uncorking old-sherry'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 10 March 1805
NPG D12841

'Political-candour; - i.e. - Coalition-"resolutions" of June 14th 1805. - pro bono publico', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12846

'Political-candour; - i.e. - Coalition-"resolutions" of June 14th 1805. - pro bono publico'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 21 June 1805
NPG D12846

'End of the Irish farce of Catholic Emancipation', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13110

'End of the Irish farce of Catholic Emancipation'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 17 May 1805
NPG D13110

'The cabinetical-balance', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12859

'The cabinetical-balance'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 February 1806
NPG D12859

'Making-decent; - i.e. - Broad-Bottomites getting into the grand costume', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12860

'Making-decent; - i.e. - Broad-Bottomites getting into the grand costume'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 February 1806
NPG D12860

' - "More pigs than teats", - or - the new litter of hungry grunters, sucking John-Bull's-old-sow to death', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12861

' - "More pigs than teats", - or - the new litter of hungry grunters, sucking John-Bull's-old-sow to death'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 5 March 1806
NPG D12861

'A tub for the whale', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12862

'A tub for the whale'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 14 March 1806
NPG D12862

'Visiting the sick', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12871

'Visiting the sick'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 28 July 1806
NPG D12871

'Westminster conscripts under the training act', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12872

'Westminster conscripts under the training act'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 1 September 1806
NPG D12872

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12884

'Political mathematician's, shaking the Broad Bottom'd hemispheres'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 9 January 1807
NPG D12884

'John Bull and the sinking-fund - a pretty scheme for reducing the taxes & paying-off the national debt!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12885

'John Bull and the sinking-fund - a pretty scheme for reducing the taxes & paying-off the national debt!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 23 February 1807
NPG D12885

'A kick at the Broad-Bottoms! - i.e. - emancipation of "All the Talents &c"', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12887

'A kick at the Broad-Bottoms! - i.e. - emancipation of "All the Talents &c"'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 23 March 1807
NPG D12887

'The pigs possessed: - or - the Broad Bottom'd litter running headlong into ye sea of perdition', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12888

'The pigs possessed: - or - the Broad Bottom'd litter running headlong into ye sea of perdition'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 18 April 1807
NPG D12888

'Election-candidates; - or - the Republican-goose at the top of the pole', probably by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12891

'Election-candidates; - or - the Republican-goose at the top of the pole'

probably by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 20 May 1807
NPG D12891

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12895

'Charon's boat - or - the ghost's of "All the Talents" taking their last voyage'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 16 July 1807
NPG D12895

'The funeral procession of Broad-bottom', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13114

'The funeral procession of Broad-bottom'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 6 April 1807
NPG D13114

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

'The loyal address! - or - the procession of the Hampshire-hogs from Botley to St James's', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12913

'The loyal address! - or - the procession of the Hampshire-hogs from Botley to St James's'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 20 October 1808
NPG D12913

'Patriotic-petitions on the convention', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12914

'Patriotic-petitions on the convention'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published circa October 1808
NPG D12914

'Phaeton alarm'd!', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13115

'Phaeton alarm'd!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 22 March 1808
NPG D13115

'Disciples catching the mantle: - the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D13116

'Disciples catching the mantle: - the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 25 June 1808
NPG D13116

'Pandora opening her box', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12917

'Pandora opening her box'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 22 February 1809
NPG D12917

'An old English-gentleman pester'd by servants wanting places', by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12922

'An old English-gentleman pester'd by servants wanting places'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 16 May 1809
NPG D12922

Hon. William Windham, by William John Alais, published by  William Cribb, after  Sir Thomas Lawrence - NPG D14192

Hon. William Windham

by William John Alais, published by William Cribb, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
stipple engraving, published 27 June 1816 (1803)
NPG D14192

Web image not currently available

'End of the Irish invasion; - or - the destruction of the French armada'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching and aquatint, published 20 January 1797
NPG D15304

Web image not currently available

Hon. William Windham

by William Say, after John Hoppner
mezzotint, published 1803
NPG D19375

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