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Virginia Woolf (1882-1941), Novelist and critic; sister of Vanessa Bell

Virginia Woolf (née Stephen)

Sitter in 63 portraits
Woolf, the third child of Leslie and Julia Stephen, and sister of Vanessa, and was a central figure in the Bloomsbury group of writers, artists and intellectuals. With Vanessa, in 1905 she acted as hostess for the Thursday evening gatherings held at 46 Gordon Square that formed the nucleus of Bloomsbury. Despite intermittent bouts of mental illness her many novels, notably Night and Day (1919) and Jacob's Room (1922), Mrs Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927), and The Waves (1931), pioneered the use of the interior monologue, or 'stream of consciousness' and transformed ideas about structure, plot and characterisation. She committed suicide in 1941.