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Virginia Woolf

(1882-1941), Novelist and critic; sister of Vanessa Bell

Virginia Woolf (née Stephen)

Sitter in 63 portraits
Novelist; central figure in the Bloomsbury group of writers, artists and intellectuals. In 1905, with her sister Vanessa, she acted as hostess for the Thursday evening gatherings held at 46 Gordon Square that formed the nucleus of Bloomsbury. Despite intermittent bouts of mental illness she was a major contributor to the development of the novel form in literature. Many of her novels, notably Night and Day (1919) and Jacob's Room (1922), Mrs Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927), and The Waves (1931), pioneered the use of the interior monologue, or 'stream of consciousness' and transformed ideas about structure, plot and characterisation. Her essay A Room of One's Own (1929) has become a classic of feminist literature. She committed suicide in 1941.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

More on Woolf: Art historian Frances Spalding on Woolf | Timeline | Woolf and Garsington

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Virginia Woolf, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141322

Virginia Woolf

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, circa 1917
NPG Ax141322

Lytton Strachey; Virginia Woolf; Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG x141313

Lytton Strachey; Virginia Woolf; Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1923
NPG x141313

Lytton Strachey; Virginia Woolf; Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141313a

Lytton Strachey; Virginia Woolf; Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1923
NPG Ax141313a

Lytton Strachey; Virginia Woolf; Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141313

Lytton Strachey; Virginia Woolf; Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1923
NPG Ax141313

Virginia Woolf; Lord David Cecil, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141310

Virginia Woolf; Lord David Cecil

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1923
NPG Ax141310

Philip Charles Thomson Ritchie; Virginia Woolf, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141311

Philip Charles Thomson Ritchie; Virginia Woolf

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1923
NPG Ax141311

Garsington visitors, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141447

Garsington visitors

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1923
NPG Ax141447

Lytton Strachey; Virginia Woolf, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141459

Lytton Strachey; Virginia Woolf

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1923
NPG Ax141459

Lytton Strachey; Virginia Woolf, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141460

Lytton Strachey; Virginia Woolf

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1923
NPG Ax141460

Garsington visitors, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141462

Garsington visitors

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1923
NPG Ax141462

Lytton Strachey; Virginia Woolf, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141463

Lytton Strachey; Virginia Woolf

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1923
NPG Ax141463

T.S. Eliot; Virginia Woolf, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141646

T.S. Eliot; Virginia Woolf

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1924
NPG Ax141646

Virginia Woolf, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141648

Virginia Woolf

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1924
NPG Ax141648

Virginia Woolf, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141650

Virginia Woolf

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1924
NPG Ax141650

T.S. Eliot; Virginia Woolf, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax141652

T.S. Eliot; Virginia Woolf

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, June 1924
NPG Ax141652

Virginia Woolf; Robert Bridges, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax142575

Virginia Woolf; Robert Bridges

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, 26 June 1926
NPG Ax142575

Virginia Woolf; Robert Bridges, by Lady Ottoline Morrell - NPG Ax142578

Virginia Woolf; Robert Bridges

by Lady Ottoline Morrell
vintage snapshot print, 26 June 1926
NPG Ax142578

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