Robert Bakewell (1725-1795), Stock-breeder
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Often called the 'father of animal husbandry', Bakewell introduced stockbreeding methods that transformed the quality of Britain's cattle, horses and sheep. To him a sheep was a 'machine for turning grass into mutton' and through his breeding experiments he doubled the meat production of his herds. Bakewell's lessons in breeding were widely copied by other agricultural improvers striving for greater productivity to match the rising demand of a growing and increasingly industrialised population.