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Richard Austen ('Rab') Butler, 1st Baron Butler of Saffron Walden (1902-1982), Politician; served as Chancellor of the Exchequer, Home Secretary and Foreign Secretary

Sitter in 44 portraits
Conservative politician who held high office in the 1950s and early 1960s. Minister of Education (1941-5); Chancellor of the Exchequer (1951-5); Home Secretary (1957-62); Foreign Secretary (1963-4). His principal achievement is seen as the 1944 Education Act, the 'Butler Act' which set the pattern for free secondary education for the next twenty years.